Ernst Toller

Ernst Toller

Death 22 May 1939 (aged 45)
New York, New York County (Manhattan), New York, USA
Burial Hartsdale, Westchester County, New York, USA
Plot Ferncliff Mausoleum, Unit 4, Columbarium 1, Alcove C, Wall 3, Niche 10
Memorial ID 14740578 · View Source
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Author. He was born in Samotschin, Germany, the son of a Jewish merchant. While serving in the German Army during First World War, he suffered a nervous breakdown and began to question his country's nationalism and militarism. propaganda, which continued after he resumed studies in Heidelberg. Toller began his career writing political poems, and he also founded the Cultural and Political League of German Youth, an organization which called for the end of the war. During the German Revolution in 1918-1919, he was arrested for high treason, but his friends began an international campaign to save his life. At his trial, Max Weber and Thomas Mann gave evidence on his behalf in court and the judge sentenced him to only five years in prison. When Hitler rose to power, he moved to England and later to the United States, supporting himself with journalism. In 1936 he was also active raising funds for the Republican side in the Spanish Civil War. When he learned that his family in Germany had been sent to a concentration camp, he committed suicide in a hotel room in New York. Among Toller's best remembered works "I Was A German", "Transformation", "The Machine Wreckers", "Masses and Man", "Once a Bourgeois Always a Bourgeois", "Miracle in America", "Blind Goddess" and "Pastor Hall."

Bio by: José L Bernabé Tronchoni


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  • Maintained by: Find a Grave
  • Originally Created by: José L Bernabé Tronchoni
  • Added: 26 Jun 2006
  • Find a Grave Memorial 14740578
  • Find a Grave, database and images ( : accessed ), memorial page for Ernst Toller (1 Dec 1893–22 May 1939), Find a Grave Memorial no. 14740578, citing Ferncliff Cemetery and Mausoleum, Hartsdale, Westchester County, New York, USA ; Maintained by Find A Grave .