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Dr Egon Skalka

Dr Egon Skalka

Birth
Death 16 Nov 2005 (aged 90)
Burial Non-Cemetery Burial
Memorial ID 145376388 · View Source
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SS-Sturmbannführer Dr. Egon Skalka

Egon Skalka volunteered for the SS-Verfügungstruppe (SS-VT) in 1935. His medical training including the SS-Military Medicine Academy outside of Berlin, then onto Munich to finish the first phase of his medical training. He later attended the SS-Officer School at Bad Tölz graduating as an Untersturmführer in 1938.

His first assignment was with the SS-Polizei-Division near Pommern where he underwent horse-riding training on arrival earning him the Riders Badge in Bronze (Reiterabzeichung in Bronze). His posting was short lived as he went back to complete his medical training at the SS-Doctor's Academy near Graz. He graduated as a Doctor of Medicine in April 1941.

As an Obersturmführer (1st Lt.) he was posted SS-Division 'Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler' as the medical battalion's adjutant. The division was situated on the Polish Border readying itself for the invasion of the Russia. He stayed with this unit earning the Iron Cross II Class before moving to the SS-Werferabteilung 102 in November 1942. He was involved in the heavy fighting around Kharkov saving many lives. He left on promotion in November 1943 for the newly formed 9th SS-Panzer Division ‘Hohenstaufen' to serve as the company commander of the 2nd Sanitäter-Abteilung (Medical Company) of the Division’s Medical Battalion.

With this division, he saw a great deal of action in Tarnopol, Russia during May 1944, before they were moved to the "Invasionfront" in Normandie July of 1944. After the breakout of the allied forces from Normandy, the division retreated north to Holland. Now a SS-Hauptsturmführer (SS-Captain) Dr. Skalka was given command of the medical battalion for the Division.

On the 17th September 1944, the 1st Airborne Division landed outside Arnhem and the Hohenstaufen's Medical Battalion was back into action. Over the period of 17 through 26th of September 1944, Dr. Skalka was responsible for organizing critical medical supplies and conducting multiple surgeries on both Allied and German Soldiers throughout the Battle. He is most remembered for assisting in and organizing ceasefires to help save the wounded caught in the Oosterbeek pocket, along with his British counterpart Dr. Warrack. It was estimated that Skalka was responsible for organizing the removal of over 1200 wounded from the pocket of Oosterbeek during the Battle of Arnhem. This act of humanity was never forgotten by the British Paratroopers that fought during this battle. He also received a letter from Colonel Warrick just after the battle, thanking him for his humanity and treatment of wounded under his care throughout the battle.

For the remainder of the war, SS-Sturmbannführer (Major) Dr. Skalka served with the 9.SS Panzer Division 'Hohenstaufen' until he was transferred to the 6th SS Armee in the last week of the war. He surrendered to the Americans on May 9, 1945, and was turned over to the British. He spent two and half years in British captivity before being released in 1947. During which many a officer from the British 1st Airborne Division wrote letters in his defense. It is unknown exactly how many wounded in total were treated as a result of the Battle of Arnhem. What is known is that wounded soldiers from the battle, regardless if German or not, were treated well under German care allowing many a British paratrooper to survive the war (albeit in a POW camp) thanks to Dr. Skalka.

For his heroic actions at Arnhem and elsewhere Dr. Skalka received numerous medals and decorations, including: the German Cross in Gold, the Iron Cross (1st & 2nd classes), War Merit Cross with Swords, Wound Badge in Silver (for 3 or more wounds), General Assault Badge in Silver, and the Eastern Front Medal.

After the war he continued to practice medicine until his retirement.
(Bio by Jay Lance)


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  • Created by: Jay Lance
  • Added: 21 Apr 2015
  • Find A Grave Memorial 145376388
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Dr Egon Skalka (29 Oct 1915–16 Nov 2005), Find A Grave Memorial no. 145376388, ; Maintained by Jay Lance (contributor 46609422) Non-Cemetery Burial.