Sir William Arthur “Arthur” Lewis

Sir William Arthur “Arthur” Lewis

Castries, Castries, Saint Lucia
Death 15 Jun 1991 (aged 76)
Bridgetown, Saint Michael, Barbados
Burial Castries, Castries, Saint Lucia
Memorial ID 143779826 · View Source
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Sir Arthur Lewis was a Nobel Laureate in Economics. He was born in Castries, Saint Lucia, then still part of the British Windward Islands federal colony, as the fourth of five children of George and Ida Lewis. His parents had migrated from Antigua shortly after the turn of the century. His father died in 1922, when Arthur turned seven, and Ida raised their five children alone. Arthur was a gifted student and was promoted two classes ahead of his age. After finishing school at the age of fourteen, Lewis worked as a clerk, while waiting to take his university entrance exam. During this time he became friends with Eric Williams, the future first prime minister of Trinidad and Tobago, and the two remained lifelong friends.

After gaining his Bachelor of Science degree in 1937 and a Ph.D. degree in 1940 at the London School of Economics, Lewis worked as a member of the staff at the LSE until 1948. In 1947, he married Gladys Jacobs, and they had two daughters together.

That year he was selected as a lecturer at the University of Manchester, and moved there with his family. He taught at Manchester until 1957. During this period, he developed some of his most important concepts about the patterns of capital and wages in developing countries. He particularly became known for his contributions to development economics, of great interest as former colonies began to gain independence from European nations.

When Ghana gained independence in 1957, its government appointed Lewis as their first economic advisor. He helped draw up its first Five-Year Development Plan (1959–1963).

In 1959 Lewis returned to the Caribbean region when appointed Vice Chancellor of the University of the West Indies. In 1963 he was knighted for his contributions to economics.

That year, he was also appointed a University Professor at Princeton University and moved to the United States. Lewis worked at Princeton for the next two decades, teaching generations of students until his retirement in 1983. In 1970 Lewis also was selected as the first president of the Caribbean Development Bank.

Lewis received the Nobel prize in Economics in 1979, sharing it with Theodore Schultz.

He died on June 15, 1991 in Bridgetown, Barbados. He was buried in the grounds of the St Lucian community college named in his honour. He was survived by his wife, Gladys Jacobs Lewis of Barbados and Princeton, N.J.; two daughters, Elizabeth Lewis of Cranbury, N.J., and Barbara Lewis of Brooklyn; and four brothers, Stanley Lewis of Ghana, Earl Lewis of Trinidad, Allen Lewis, a former Governor General of St. Lucia, and Victor Lewis of St. Lucia.

Source: Wikipedia.

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  • Created by: KP Perkins
  • Added: 15 Mar 2015
  • Find a Grave Memorial 143779826
  • Find a Grave, database and images ( : accessed ), memorial page for Sir William Arthur “Arthur” Lewis (23 Jan 1915–15 Jun 1991), Find a Grave Memorial no. 143779826, citing Grounds of Sir Arthur Lewis Community College, Castries, Castries, Saint Lucia ; Maintained by KP Perkins (contributor 47807365) .