Author. One of the most powerful and popular authors of 19th-century France, and a champion of republicanism, exiled during the reign of Napoleon III and returned in 1870. Major works include "The Hunchback of Notre-Dame" and "Les Misérables," and a large body of poetry. His death, and the spontaneous national mourning which followed, inspired the French government to "reinvent" the Pantheon as a homage to the great men (and, eventually, women) of France. Entered Pantheon 1885.
Bio by: David Conway
Adéle Julie Victoire Marie Foucher Hugo