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 Andre Leon Blum

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Andre Leon Blum Famous memorial

Birth
Paris, City of Paris, Île-de-France, France
Death
30 Mar 1950 (aged 77)
Jouy-en-Josas, Departement des Yvelines, Île-de-France, France
Burial
Jouy-en-Josas, Departement des Yvelines, Île-de-France, France
Memorial ID
140095223 View Source

French Prime Minister. He studied law at the Sorbonne where he was converted to socialism. He was rejected for military service by the French Army in the First World War and entered the Chamber of Deputies in 1919 becoming the leader of the Socialist Party. Concerned by the emergence of Adolf Hitler, a group of left-wing politicians, led by Blum and Edouard Daladier formed the Popular Front in November 1935. Parties involved in the agreement included the Communist Party, the Socialist Party and the Radical Party. The Popular Front won 376 seats in the May 1936 elections. Blum as leader of the Socialist Party become prime minister of France, the first Jew in French history to hold this post. The Popular Front government introduced the 40 hour week and other social reforms and nationalized the Bank of France and the armaments industry. In July 1936, José Giral, prime minister of the Popular Front government in Spain, requested aid against a military uprising led by General Francisco Franco. Blum agreed to send aid, but after pressure from Anthony Eden and Stanley Baldwin of England, and right-wing members of his own cabinet, he changed his mind and called for all countries in Europe to refrain from intervention in Spain. The Communist Party of France organized large demonstrations against Blum's non-intervention polcy. With the left-wing in open revolt and a growing economic crisis, Blum resigned in 1937. He returned briefly as Prime Minister from March to April, 1938, and reopened the border to shipments of military equipment to Spanish republicans, but opposition to his policies led to his removal from office. When Germany invaded in 1940, he fled to southern France, but he was arrested and put on trial for treason. He used the trial to make an indictment of the French military and pro-German politicians. The trial was an embbarassment to the Vichy government and Germany ordered it called off and sent Blum to prison in Buchenwald and later Dachau. In the last days of the war the Nazi regime ordered him executed, but local authorities decided not to obey and he was rescued by Allied troops. Blum was briefly Prime Minister again from December 1946 to January 1947. The kibbutz of Kfar Blum in northern Israel is named after him.

French Prime Minister. He studied law at the Sorbonne where he was converted to socialism. He was rejected for military service by the French Army in the First World War and entered the Chamber of Deputies in 1919 becoming the leader of the Socialist Party. Concerned by the emergence of Adolf Hitler, a group of left-wing politicians, led by Blum and Edouard Daladier formed the Popular Front in November 1935. Parties involved in the agreement included the Communist Party, the Socialist Party and the Radical Party. The Popular Front won 376 seats in the May 1936 elections. Blum as leader of the Socialist Party become prime minister of France, the first Jew in French history to hold this post. The Popular Front government introduced the 40 hour week and other social reforms and nationalized the Bank of France and the armaments industry. In July 1936, José Giral, prime minister of the Popular Front government in Spain, requested aid against a military uprising led by General Francisco Franco. Blum agreed to send aid, but after pressure from Anthony Eden and Stanley Baldwin of England, and right-wing members of his own cabinet, he changed his mind and called for all countries in Europe to refrain from intervention in Spain. The Communist Party of France organized large demonstrations against Blum's non-intervention polcy. With the left-wing in open revolt and a growing economic crisis, Blum resigned in 1937. He returned briefly as Prime Minister from March to April, 1938, and reopened the border to shipments of military equipment to Spanish republicans, but opposition to his policies led to his removal from office. When Germany invaded in 1940, he fled to southern France, but he was arrested and put on trial for treason. He used the trial to make an indictment of the French military and pro-German politicians. The trial was an embbarassment to the Vichy government and Germany ordered it called off and sent Blum to prison in Buchenwald and later Dachau. In the last days of the war the Nazi regime ordered him executed, but local authorities decided not to obey and he was rescued by Allied troops. Blum was briefly Prime Minister again from December 1946 to January 1947. The kibbutz of Kfar Blum in northern Israel is named after him.

Bio by: G-Man

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  • Maintained by: Find a Grave
  • Originally Created by: G-Man
  • Added: 16 Dec 2014
  • Find a Grave Memorial ID: 140095223
  • Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/140095223/andre-leon-blum: accessed ), memorial page for Andre Leon Blum (9 Apr 1872–30 Mar 1950), Find a Grave Memorial ID 140095223, citing Cimetière Communal de Jouy-en-Josas, Jouy-en-Josas, Departement des Yvelines, Île-de-France, France; Maintained by Find a Grave .