He was the son of Col. Henry Middleton Rutledge and Margaret Seabrook Rutledge. He was born on the old Magnolia rice plantation that was once visited by Francis Marion during the Revolution and visited by George Washington in 1791. He graduated from the Porter Military Academy, Charleston, SC. He received a scholarship to Union College, Schenectady, NY where he graduated first in his class in 1904. He had already published some poems. He accepted a temporary English department position at the Mercersburg Academy, Mercersburg, PA which lasted for 33 years. He married Florence Louise Hart, the sister-in-law of the headmaster, on December 19, 1907. He was and avid hunter and fisherman and wrote 45 volumes of prose, many of them about South Carolina outdoors. In addition, he published 25 volumes of poetry. He was a runner-up for two Pulitizer Prizes and a Nobel Prize for Literature. He was named poet laurate of South Carolina in 1934 a position he held until his death. He was awarded more than 20 honorary doctorates and 30 gold medals for nature writing. On the death of his wife he composed two moving poems "It is Over" and "F. H." He retired in 1937 to restore the old plantation house. He sold the plantation to the state of South Carolina and it is now a state park. Archibald and Florence had three sons: Archibald, Henry and Irvine [#103863400]. After the death of his first wife, Archibald married (2) Alice Lucas (1884-1968) on July 16, 1936.
"Poet Laureate of South Carolina 1934 -1973. Here he is laid to rest at Hampton, His Beloved Home by the River."
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