Paul Karrer

Paul Karrer

Birth
Moscow, Moscow Federal City, Russia
Death 18 Jun 1971 (aged 82)
Zurich, Bezirk Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland
Burial Zurich, Bezirk Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland
Memorial ID 138075480 · View Source
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Chemist, Nobel Prize Winner. He is best remembered for his research on vitamins, of which he shared the 1937 Nobel Prize for Chemistry with British chemist Walter Haworth. The son of Swiss nationals, in 1892 his family returned to Switzerland and he received his education at Wildegg and at the grammar school in Lenzburg, Aargau, graduating in 1908. In 1911 he received his Doctor of Philosophy Degree in chemistry at the University of Zurich and spent an additional year as assistant in the Chemical Institute. He then became a chemist with Paul Ehrlich at the Georg Speyer Haus in Frankfurt, Germany. In 1919 he became Professor of Chemistry and Director of the Chemical Institute. His work led to the establishment of the correct constitutional formula for beta-carotene, the chief precursor of vitamin A, the first time that the structure of a vitamin or provitamin had been established. He later confirmed the structure of ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and extended his researches into the vitamin B2 and E. His important contributions to the chemistry of the flavins led to identification of lactoflavin as part of the complex originally thought to be vitamin B2, and it led to his receiving the Nobel Peace Prize for Chemistry in 1937 with Walter Haworth. In 1955 he became President of the 14th International Congress on Pure and Applied Chemistry. He received numerous honorary doctorate degrees for his work throughout Europe and America, as well as a full of honorary member of numerous chemical and biochemical societies throughout the world. In 1922 he was awarded the Marcel Benoist Prize (often referred to as the "Swiss" Nobel Prize) by the Marcel Benoist Foundation and the Cannizzaro Prize by the Italian Society of Chemistry. He died at the age of 82. His textbook "Lehrbuch der Organischen Chemie" (Textbook of Organic Chemistry) was published in 1927, went through 13 editions, and was published in seven languages.

Bio by: William Bjornstad


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  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Originally Created by: William Bjornstad
  • Added: 31 Oct 2014
  • Find A Grave Memorial 138075480
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Paul Karrer (21 Apr 1889–18 Jun 1971), Find A Grave Memorial no. 138075480, citing Friedhof Fluntern, Zurich, Bezirk Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland ; Maintained by Find A Grave .