Pvt Andrew J Ambrose

Gwinnett County, Georgia, USA
Death 11 Dec 1862 (aged 31–32)
Fredericksburg, Fredericksburg City, Virginia, USA
Burial Unknown
Memorial ID 137799456 · View Source
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Born about 1830 in Gwinnett County, Georgia, Andrew J Ambrose was the son of Marcus Ambrose and Martha (Sterling) Ambrose. He is the brother of Lorenda Ambrose (b. 1821), George W. Ambrose, Jacob M Ambrose, and Mathias B Ambrose (b. 1834)

Andrew J Ambrose enlisted in Co I 16th Georgia Volunteer Infantry on July 16, 1861 at Lawrenceville, Gwinnett County, Georgia and was killed in action at the Battle of Fredericksburg Dec 11, 1862.

The 16th GA Infantry Regiment (also called Sallie Twiggs Regiment) was organized during the summer of 1861. The ten companies were raised in the counties of Columbia, Elbert, Gwinnett, Habersham, Hart, Jackson, Madison, and Walton (although there were members from other counties). Company I was organized at Gwinnett County GA; led by Captain Nathan L Hutchins; and was also known as "Hutchins Guards."

Sent to Virginia, the Regiment was assigned to the command of Genl Howell Cobb and encamped at Richmond until October 20, 1861, when they were ordered to Yorktown. The Regiment fought with Magruder at Yorktown, Lee's Mill (Dam No. 1), and Williamsburg. Then was assigned to the Army of Northern Virginia for the Seven Days' Battles (Savages Station, Allen's Farm, Malvern Hill), South Mountain (Crampton's Gap), Antietam, and Fredericksburg (under command of T.R.R. Cobb.)

In the pre-dawn hours of December 11, 1862, Union engineers worked feverishly to complete the pontoon bridges across the fog-choked Rappahannock River. Suddenly, as the fog lifted, the opposite bank erupted in flame. With orders to delay the Federal river crossing, Mississippian's and Floridians under Gen. William Barksdale began to pick-off the unarmed bridge layers. In response, Union artillery pounded the city at rate of 100 shells per minute.

When hours of bombardment failed to drive Barksdale from the water's edge, Federal infantry crossed the river and landed on the opposite shore in the first opposed river crossing in American warfare. Barksdale's men withdrew from the riverfront, but street fighting through the town continued.

Lieutenant-Colonel Luse, with his regiment (the 18th Mississippi), who occupied the river bank below the town, drove back the enemy in their first attempt to cross the river, and kept them in check until about 3.30 p.m., when the 16th Georgia and 15th South Carolina (Col W. D. De Saussure) were sent to his support. It is likely that this is the time during which Andrew J Ambrose was killed.

Name appears on a Register of Claims of Deceased Officers and Soldiers from Georgia which were filed for settlement in the Office of the Confederate States Auditor for the War Department
Andrew J Ambrose
Pvt Co I 16 Regt
By whom presented W A Walton, atty
When filed Mch 9, 1863
Where died Bat Fredericksburg
Amount found due $151.45

Affidavit of Martha Ambrose dated Gwinnett County, GA February 24 1863 says that "she is the mother of Andrew J Ambrose deceased who was a private of Capt N L Hutchins company Co (I) 16th Regt Georgia volunteers commanded by Col H Cobb formally [sic] now Col H P Thomas in the service of the confederate States in the present war with the United States and that said Andrew J Ambrose entered the service at Lawrenceville, Gwinnett County, Georgia on the 16th day of July 1861 and was killed in the battle of Fredericksburg on or about the 11th day of December 1862 leaving neither father, wife, or child lawfully surviving him and Martha Ambrose, his mother, makes this deposition for the purpose of obtaining from the government of the confederate States what money had been due the said A J Ambrose at the time of his death for pay, bounty, or other allowances...."
Signed "Martha Ambros" (no 'e' on Ambrose)

Handwritten unsigned note in his file as follows:
"Andrew J Ambrose a private in Captain Hutchins Company (I) of the 16th Regiment Georgia Volunteers aged 33 years, fair complexion, dark hair, blue eyes, 6 feet high, and by occupation when enlisted a Tirsme??(unreadable) was enlisted by Adjutant James Barrow at Lawrenceville, Georgia on or about the 16th day of July 1861 to serve for the war; and was killed in action at Fredericksburg, Va on the 11th day of December 1862."

Burial unknown at this time.


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  • Created by: On the Trail
  • Added: 26 Oct 2014
  • Find a Grave Memorial 137799456
  • Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Pvt Andrew J Ambrose (1830–11 Dec 1862), Find a Grave Memorial no. 137799456, ; Maintained by On the Trail (contributor 47231429) Unknown.