John Claypoole

John Claypoole

Northborough, Peterborough Unitary Authority, Cambridgeshire, England
Death 10 Apr 1664 (aged 70)
Northamptonshire, England
Burial Northborough, Peterborough Unitary Authority, Cambridgeshire, England
Memorial ID 13526109 · View Source
Suggest Edits

Event: as a Member of Parliament served as Assessor for NorthboroughAppointed Justice of the Peace and High Sheriff Appointed Clerk of the Hanaper Knighted 16 Jul 1657 [S7836]John Claypoole seems to have been the favorite son of his father, Adam Claypoole. When John married Marie Angell in 1622, his father conveyed to him the manor and lands of Northborough and thirty-two acres of Waldram Parks. The anual income he received per year from these properties was about L200. Marie's dowry was L1500.In 1642 Civil War broke out in England. The Claypoole family was a strong supporter of the Parliamentary cause. Battles were waged throughout England and in 1643 it appeared a battle between the opposing forces might occur on the Claypoole property in Northborough. The Royalists were in Crowland, only seven miles away and had another larger force farther to the east at King's Lynn. Meanwhile Colonel Cromwell was in Peterborough with a regiment of foot soldiers and a regiment of horse soldiers. Cromwell was busy destroying some of the Abbot's records. It is likely that it was at this time that the Claypooles had the rear of the stable block (adjoining the gate house) pierced for muskets. Irregular circular holes may still be seen on the North side. These holes would cover any approach by Royalist forces from the North. However, there are no records of any battles at Northborough and the war passed to other parts leaving only this trace as a reminder. The nearest military aciton was at Woodcroft Castle, where the Royalist owner made a spirited resistance to an attack by a detachment of Parliamentarieans before surrendering. John was about 20 yrs old when he joined the Parliamentary army and was involved in the siege of Newark which ended on May 6, 1646 and the Civil War ended on June 24, 1646. John and Elizabeth went to live with his parents at Northborough Manor and Cromwell is reported to have visited them often, sometimes spending Christmas there.The sentiments which John felt concerning the political state of England were probably similar to those of Oliver Cromwell. John first gained a seat in the Long parliament. The Claypooles had suffered hardships under King Charles I's despotism. He had been summoned before the star chamber in 1637 when the attorney general was ordered to begin a prosecution against him for refusing to pay ship-money, which was court demanded. It is possible that John and Oliver studied law together earlier, which may have influenced each family's decision to allow the marrriage between his eldest son, John Claypoole and the favorite daughter of Oliver Cromwell, married Elizabeth. In 1643, 1644 & 1647, John was appointed one of the assessors for the county of Northampton. He was Justice of the Peace, and probably sheriff for his own county of Northampton. He was a member of parliament in 1655 for the county of Northampton, and for Carmarthenshire if 1656.In the following year he was commissioner with his son John for levying taxes in the county of Northampton. The Protector appointed him Clerk of the Hanaper in the court of Chancery, created him a knight on July 16, 1657, and soon afterwards gave him a patent for a baronet. (A baronet was a rank of honor below a baron, but above a knight. The title was forfeited on the restoration of Charles II in 1660, but John's name appears in the Court Rolls fo Northborough until 1664.) On March 13, 1659/60 John received a new grant, jointly with Thomas Clarges, M.D. for the position of clerk on the Hanaper during their lives and the survivor to remain solely in power. The whole of his estates were now worth about L450 income per year. The Claypoole family's fortunes were increasing while under the friendship of the English Protector. John Claypoole is a 9th great-grandfather of mine.

John CLAYPOOLE and Marie ANGELL had the following children:

1. Mary CLAYPOOLE, born abt 1622, London, England; married William SHIELD, 26 Dec 1655, England; died Mar 1681, Ireland.
2. John CLAYPOOLE Sir 'Lord', born abt 1623, London, England; married Elizabeth CROMWELL Betty, 13 Jan 1646, Ely, Cambridgeshire, England; married Blanche STAVELY, 21 Mar 1670, London, England; died 26 Jun 1688, Northborough, Cambridgeshire, England.
3. Elizabeth CLAYPOOLE, born abt 1626, London, England; married Alexander STAPLES Dr., England; died bef May 1681, Ireland.
4. Robert CLAYPOOLE was born about 1627 in London, England. He died on 12 Feb 1658 at the age of 31 in Northborough, Cambridgeshire, England. He was buried in St. Andrew's Church, Northborough, Cambridgeshire, England.
5. Wingfield "Colonel" CLAYPOOLE was born about 1628 in London, England. He died after 1682 at the age of 54 in England. He served in the military in Ireland. with Cromwell
6. Graveley CLAYPOOLE was born about 1631 in London, England. He died after 1678 at the age of 47 in England. Named after his mother's sisters family, the Graveleys. Also listed as Graneley
7. Frances CLAYPOOLE was born about 1632 in London, England. She died in 1664 at the age of 32 in Lincolnshire, England. During childbirth.
8. Dorothy CLAYPOOLE was born about 1633 in London, England. She died in 1678 at the age of 45 in London, England.
9. James CLAYPOOLE, born 8 Oct 1634, London, England; married Helen MERCER, 12 Feb 1658, St. Paul's Church, Bremen, Germany; died 6 Jun 1687, Philadelphia, Philadelphia Co, PA, US.
10. Edward CLAYPOOLE Captain, born abt 1 Jan 1635, London, England; married Jean , abt 1656, England; married Abigail MASCOLL, 11 May 1676, St. Philip's Church, Barbadoes; died 17 Nov 1692, Barbadoes.
11. Martha CLAYPOOLE was christened on 9 Jun 1639 in Northborough, Cambridgeshire, England. She was born about 1639 in London, England. She was buried on 14 Jun 1663 in Northborough, Cambridgeshire, England. Martha died in Jun 1663 at the age of 24 in England.
12.Norton CLAYPOOLE, born 1640, Gray's Inn, London, England; married Rachel , bet 1675 and 1677, London, England; died bet 15 May 1688 and 16 Jun 1688, Lewistown, Sussex Co, DE, US.
13. Benjamin CLAYPOOLE, born 15 Feb 1642, London, England; married Lucy WHEATLEY, England; died aft 1707, England

Family Members


  • Created by: Wayne L. Osborne
  • Added: 4 Mar 2006
  • Find a Grave Memorial 13526109
  • Stephen D. Chanko
  • Find a Grave, database and images ( : accessed ), memorial page for John Claypoole (13 Apr 1593–10 Apr 1664), Find a Grave Memorial no. 13526109, citing St. Andrew's Churchyard, Northborough, Peterborough Unitary Authority, Cambridgeshire, England ; Maintained by Wayne L. Osborne (contributor 46540493) .