Rabbi Avrohom Yeshaya “The Chazon Ish” Karelitz

Rabbi Avrohom Yeshaya “The Chazon Ish” Karelitz

Birth
Russia
Death 24 Oct 1953 (aged 74)
Bnei Brak, Tel Aviv District, Israel
Burial Bnei Brak, Tel Aviv District, Israel
Plot Chazon Ish
Memorial ID 135177930 · View Source
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Born in Kosava (now Brest Voblast), he was the eldest son of Rabbi Shmaryahu Yosef Karelitz, (Rav of Kosova); his mother was Rasha, the daughter of Rabbi Shaul Katzenelbogen. His younger brothers were Rabbi Meir, Rabbi Yitzchak, and Rabbi Moshe. Rabbi Yitzchak Karelitz succeeded their father as the Rav of Kosova; he and his wife and daughter were shot to death in their home by the Germans in mid-1942. His sister, Miriam, married Rabbi Yaakov Yisrael Kanievsky, (the Steipler Gaon).

As a youth, Rabbi Karelitz was sent to study under Rabbi Chaim Soloveitchik of Brisk. He did not take to the Brisker method of study, and later it became clear that he actually opposed it. After two years, he returned home and continued his education, learning with his father who was head of the local Beth din. He married Bashe Bei.

He manifested unusual talent and diligence from an early age. He devoted his life to the study of Torah while simultaneously gaining knowledge in secular sciences such as astronomy, anatomy, mathematics, and botany. After his marriage, he continued to lead an extremely modest life, his wife providing for their needs while he spent day and night studying Torah in-depth. He did not have any children.

In 1911, he published his first work on Orach Chayim and other parts of the Shulchan Aruch in Vilna, anonymously under the title Chazon Ish, meaning "Vision of Man", the word Ish alluding to the first letters of his two names, the title by which he became almost exclusively known.

The Chazon Ish held no official position but nevertheless became a recognized worldwide authority on many matters relating to Jewish law and life. He was not appointed as communal leader, yet his positions and rulings influenced the life and institutions of religious Jewry, especially in Israel. He did not publish many responsa, yet still achieved recognition as a leading authority on halakha.



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  • Created by: Maxine Kravitz
  • Added: 30 Aug 2014
  • Find A Grave Memorial 135177930
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Rabbi Avrohom Yeshaya “The Chazon Ish” Karelitz (7 Nov 1878–24 Oct 1953), Find A Grave Memorial no. 135177930, citing Bnai Brak Cemetery, Bnei Brak, Tel Aviv District, Israel ; Maintained by Maxine Kravitz (contributor 47454452) .