Oskar Morgenstern

Oskar Morgenstern

Birth
Gorlitz, Landkreis Görlitz, Saxony (Sachsen), Germany
Death 26 Jul 1977 (aged 75)
Princeton, Mercer County, New Jersey, USA
Burial Princeton, Mercer County, New Jersey, USA
Memorial ID 134992724 · View Source
Suggest Edits

Oskar Morgenstern was born in Görlitz, Germany. His mother was said to be an illegitimate daughter of Emperor Frederick III of Germany.

Morgenstern grew up in Vienna, Austria, where he also went to university. in 1925 he graduated from the University of Vienna and got his PhD in political science. From 1925 until 1928 he went on a three year fellowship financed by the Rockefeller Foundation. After his return in 1928 he became a professor in economics at the University of Vienna until his visit to Princeton University in 1938. In 1935 Morgenstern published the article Perfect Foresight and Economic Equilibrium, after which his colleague, Eduard Čech, pointed him to an article of John von Neumann, Zur Theorie der Gesellschaftsspiele(1928). During Morgenstern's visit to Princeton University, Adolf Hitler took over Vienna through the Anschluss Österreichs and Morgenstern decided to remain in the United States. He became a member of the faculty at Princeton but gravitated toward the Institute for Advanced Study. There, he met the mathematician John von Neumann and they collaborated to write Theory of Games and Economic Behavior, published in 1944, which is recognized as the first book on game theory. Game Theory is a mathematical framework for the study of strategic structures which govern rational decision-making in certain economic, political and military situations.

The collaboration between economist Morgenstern and mathematician von Neumann led to the birth of entirely new areas investigation in both mathematics and economics. These have attracted widespread academic and practical interest since that time. In 1944 Morgenstern also became a United States citizen, and four years later he married Dorothy Young. Morgenstern remained at Princeton as a professor of economics until his retirement in 1970, at which time he joined the faculty of New York University. Morgenstern wrote many other articles and books, including On the Accuracy of Economic Observations, and Predictability of Stock Market Prices with subsequent Nobel laureate Clive Granger.

Morgenstern died in Princeton, New Jersey in 1977.


Family Members

Spouse

Sponsored by Ancestry

Advertisement

Advertisement

  • Created by: gazelle
  • Added: 28 Aug 2014
  • Find a Grave Memorial 134992724
  • Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Oskar Morgenstern (24 Jan 1902–26 Jul 1977), Find a Grave Memorial no. 134992724, citing Princeton Cemetery, Princeton, Mercer County, New Jersey, USA ; Maintained by gazelle (contributor 48200756) .