Pvt Caswell Cross

Birth
Habersham County, Georgia, USA
Death 14 Nov 1861 (aged 27–28)
York County, Virginia, USA
Burial Grafton, York County, Virginia, USA
Plot unmarked - Confederate
Memorial ID 134225067 · View Source
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Caswell Cross was born approximately 1833 in Habersham County, GA to Thomas and Rebecca (Dover) Cross. He is found listed on the 1860 census by name Caswell Cross age 27 (b. GA) living in Habersham County, GA in the household of Rebecca Cross age 67 (b. SC) No other members are listed in the household at that time.

He is the younger brother of William Hamilton Cross. Both enlisted in the "Cobb Infantry" which became Company E of the 16th Georgia Volunteer Infantry. William Hamilton enlisted July 24, 1861 when Company E was organized. Caswell Cross enlisted on August 21, 1861.

Company E aka "Cobb Infantry" was organized at Habersham County, GA by Capt Benjamin Edward Stiles (who was eventually promoted to Lieut Colonel and killed at the Battle of Guard Hill Front Royal, Va Aug 16, 1864.)

The 16th was sent to Richmond and assigned to Cobbs Brigade under the command of Howell Cobb. The Regiment was encamped at the Old Fairgrounds in Richmond until they were issued arms on October 18, 1861. They departed Richmond on October 19, 1861 aboard cars of the Richmond & York River Railroad and traveled to West Point. From there, they boarded the C.S.S. Logan for Yorktown.

At Yorktown, the 16th Georgia established Camp Bryan, named after their Colonel Goode Bryan. Author Horace Montgomery, in his book, "Johnny Cobb, Confederate Aristocrate" page 5, describes Camp Bryan as follows:

"Camp Bryan was located in the middle of a clover field which was surrounded by a forest containing nuts, grapes, & wild turkeys. Situated near the Yorktown - Newport News Road in the vicinity of the Grafton Church."

Caswell Cross is listed on the roster of Co E 16th Georgia as follows:
Cross, Caswell- private August 21,1861. Died of disease at Camp Bryan Nov 14, 1861.

The website of the historic Grafton Church states, "During the Civil War the church building was used as a hospital by the Confederate Army, and soldiers were buried in unmarked graves in the cemetery."

Although his exact burial location is unknown, I hope that Caswell Cross found a resting place among the unmarked graves of Confederate soldiers in the Grafton Christian Church Cemetery.

Following his death at Camp Bryan, there is no record indicating that a claim was filed for his bounty or back pay, as was typically the case. This leads me to believe that no wife or children survived him. In this case, it was typical for the soldier's father to file, or if the father was deceased, the mother. Perhaps since the 1860 census shows just he and his aged mother, his father was already dead. His mother may have died prior to 1861, leaving no heir to file a claim.

His brother, William Hamilton Cross, continued to serve after his brother's death. The 16th fought with Magruder at Yorktown (Dam No 1), Lee's Mill, and Williamsburg. Then was assigned to Genl Robert E Lee's Army of Northern Virginia, for the Seven Days' Battles (Savages Station, Allen's Farm, Malvern Hill), South Mountain (Crampton's Gap), Antietam, Fredericksburg (T.R.R. Cobbs Brigade), Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg (Wofford’s Brigade). The Regiment moved with Longstreet by rail but arrived late and was not engaged in the fight at Chickamauga.

The 16th Georgia was part of Longstreet’s force at Knoxville and Fort Sanders where William Hamilton Cross was captured Dec 3, 1863 and sent to Rock Island prison. He signed the Oath of Allegiance there on June 21, 1865 and was paroled. He died Feb 9, 1903 and is buried in Habersham County, GA.


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  • Created by: On the Trail
  • Added: 11 Aug 2014
  • Find a Grave Memorial 134225067
  • Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Pvt Caswell Cross (1833–14 Nov 1861), Find a Grave Memorial no. 134225067, citing Grafton Christian Church Cemetery, Grafton, York County, Virginia, USA ; Maintained by On the Trail (contributor 47231429) .