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 John Neville

John Neville

Birth
Virginia, USA
Death 29 Jul 1803 (aged 72)
Neville Township, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, USA
Burial Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, USA
Memorial ID 13377161 · View Source
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General, Whiskey Rebellion figure. This Virginia native was a career soldier who served with British General Edward Braddock during the French and Indian War and fought in Lord Dunmore’s War in 1774. During the Revolutionary War he was colonel of the 4th Virginia Regiment serving at Trenton, Princeton, Germantown and Monmouth. He also served as commandant at Fort Pitt in Pennsylvania. After the war he became an inspector of revenue under the excise laws. In 1791 the newly formed US Congress imposed a tax on distilled spirits to help pay for the cost of the Revolutionary War. The small rural whiskey operations located in the western part of the new nation were charged at a higher rate than their larger competitors in the eastern section of the country. This led to an uprising in the western US known as “The Whiskey Rebellion”. This controversy climaxed in 1794 when,in Western Pennsylvania, shots were fired, according to Alexander Hamilton, at General Neville and a US Marshall he was escorting through the area to summon farmers who had not paid the tax to court. The tensions escalated on July 16, 1794 when a group of men surrounded the Neville Mansion demanding to see the US Marshall. The confrontation led to the shooting of one of the protesters by Neville. This further angered the frontiersmen and the next day over 500 men once again surrounded the home. The end result of this clash was at least one more protester death and the General’s home being burned to the ground. This incident persuaded President George Washington to take the drastic action of leading a militia force of 13,000 men into Western Pennsylvania to squelch the uprising. This response marked the first time under the new Constitution that the federal government had used a strong military presence to exert authority over the nation's citizens. In 1802 the tax was repealed.

Bio by: Bigwoo


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  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Originally Created by: Bigwoo
  • Added: 17 Feb 2006
  • Find A Grave Memorial 13377161
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for John Neville (26 Jul 1731–29 Jul 1803), Find A Grave Memorial no. 13377161, citing Allegheny Cemetery, Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, USA ; Maintained by Find A Grave .