US Presidential Cabinet Secretary. He served as the 62nd United States Attorney General during the Administration of President Dwight D. Eisenhower from 1953 until 1957. His father served as a Professor of Science at the University of Nebraska, the younger Herbert attained his Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Nebraska and later received his Law degree from Yale University Law School. After working at different law firms in New York City, he entered the political arena and served in the New York State Assembly from 1933 until 1937. He went on to direct Thomas E. Dewey’s successful bid to become Governor of New York in 1942, but was unable to provided equal success when Dewey failed to defeat the popular President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1944 and President Harry S. Truman in 1948. Brownell would provide key advisement and direction for Dwight D. Eisenhower’s successful bid for the presidency over Republican opponent Senator Robert A. Taft in 1952. During his tenure as Attorney General, he formed the Internal Security Division and required many organizations with connections to alleged Communist activity to register with the Justice Department. In the matter of Civil Rights, Brownell was instrumental in advising President Eisenhower to appoint independent and sympathetic judges in the South. He filed the first desegregation suits in compliance with the 1954 Supreme Court ruling of Brown vs. the Board of Education. In 1957, he advised President Eisenhower on the Little Rock, Arkansas crises for which involved black students who wished to integrate a high school. The result was the federalization of the state’s National Guard. After leaving the government, Brownell returned to practicing Law. In 1968, Brownell was on a short list of possible replacements for Chief Justice Earl Warren. The position would eventually go to Warren E. Burger. Brownell died from cancer.
Bio by: C.S.
Doris McCarter Brownell