Andrew C. “Andy” Goins

Andrew C. “Andy” Goins

Grayson County, Virginia, USA
Death 26 Jul 1926 (aged 88–89)
Oldtown, Grayson County, Virginia, USA
Burial Baywood, Grayson County, Virginia, USA
Memorial ID 130797587 · View Source
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ANDREW "ANDY" C. GOINS was the son of "free colored person", Albert Goins (1815-Unknown), and slave woman, Dianah Dickerson Goins (1818-Unknown) of Grayson County, Virginia. He married Ann Morning Blair Goins in 1864 in Grayson County, Virginia.

A Virginia Slave Code law passed in December of 1662 stated that: "Whereas some doubts have arisen whether children got by any Englishman upon a Negro woman should be slave or free, be it therefore enacted and declared by this present Grand Assembly, that all children born in this country shall be held bond or free only according to the condition of the mother; and that if any Christian shall commit fornication with a Negro man or woman, he or she so offending shall pay double the fines imposed by the former act." (Source: William Waller Hening, Statutes at Large; Being a Collection of all the Laws of Virginia (Richmond, Va, 1809-23), Vol. 11, pp. 170, 260, 266, 270).

Thus the children of Dianah and Albert Goins were considered slaves. Andy Goins, his mother, and his brothers and sisters, and what appears to be Andy's second oldest son, William, by his wife Morning Blair Goins, were all the slaves of a father-son duo named Isaac Garrison (abt. 1771-1860), and David Garrison (1797-1887).1 Isaac Garrison was an early pioneer settler of Grayson County, Virginia. The Garrisons were also the slave holders of Matilda Goins (1837-1924), the first wife of Washington Goins (1839-1897), Andy Goins' younger brother.

Remarkable for the time, several members of the Goins family were literate. Even though Andy Goins, as the oldest son, could not read, his younger brothers, Washington Goins and Dred Goins (1845-Unknown) could read and write. In addition, his brother-in-law, John Nelson Williams (abt. 1848-1929), who married Andy's sister, Martha Goins ((1854-1938), and who also most likely was a former slave of the Garrisons, could read as well. Who taught these black men how to read and write when it was against Virginia law to do so? Andy's father, Albert Goins, would be the logical choice, but although he was a "free colored person", he was not able to read. It is a mystery that remains to be solved. According to the Virginia Freedmen's Bureau records, in 1868 Dred Goins was behind the push to build a church and school for the newly freed slaves in Grayson County, Virginia. Dred Goins became their first teacher in Independence, Virginia. Thomas Jones reported to the Freedmen’s Bureau that: “There is a school in Grayson at Independence, taught by a Freedmen (Dred Goins) and is doing well. Goins is a sturdy and reliable man”.2

Andy Goins' younger brothers, Washington Goins and Dred Goins are most famously known for their early work with the New Covenant Baptist Association--a Baptist organization comprised of a total of ten churches in the states of Virginia and North Carolina. In a book by Mark S. Sexton called, "The Chalice and the Covenant: A History of the New Covenant Baptist Association, 1868-1975, Hunter Publishing Co., Winston-Salem, NC, 1976, Sexton writes on page 5 that:

"When the first session of the NCBA convened in 1873, there were four ordained negro ministers present: Elder Dred A. Goins, George Washington Goins, JC Greer and Thomas Jones. All these men were long time residents of the area and ex-slaves who had been emancipated only a few years before. All these men had been ordained at the Shoal Creek Church of the Mountain Union Baptist Association by Elder Isaac Landreth of the Mt Carmel Union Baptist Church. After their ordination, these ministers had been sent out by Elder Landreth and the MUBA to preach to and organize the Negroes of the region into churches. The date of this ordination is unknown but it probably occurred shortly after the organization of the Union Baptist Association in 1867".

Andy Goins was the father of my great grandmother, Sallie Goins Williams Robinson (abt. 1882-1947).

--Christopher Walker, May 30, 2016

1. See 1865 Census Returns of the Colored Population of Grayson County, Virginia found in the "Virginia, Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-1872", Digital Folder #4152454 found at, Images 395, 396, 399, and 410.

2. See "Virginia, Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-1872", Digital Folder #4151341, Image 534; and Digital Folder #4152454, Image 884, found at

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  • Created by: Christopher Walker
  • Added: 3 Jun 2014
  • Find A Grave Memorial 130797587
  • Find A Grave, database and images ( : accessed ), memorial page for Andrew C. “Andy” Goins (1837–26 Jul 1926), Find A Grave Memorial no. 130797587, citing Goins Cemetery, Baywood, Grayson County, Virginia, USA ; Maintained by Christopher Walker (contributor 48377626) .