Melanie Klein

Melanie Klein

Birth
Vienna, Wien Stadt, Vienna (Wien), Austria
Death 22 Sep 1960 (aged 78)
London, City of London, Greater London, England
Burial Golders Green, London Borough of Barnet, Greater London, England
Plot Memorial plaque is on 3rd floor of the Hall of Memory
Memorial ID 13046464 · View Source
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Medical Pioneer. A pioneering Austrian-born pyschotherapist, she built on the work of Sigmund Freud, particularly in the area of child psychology. She was also one of the theoretical cofounders of object relations theory. Invited by Ernest Jones, she came to London in 1926, where she worked until her death in 1960. Her theoretical work gradually centered on a highly speculative hypothesis propounded by Sigmund Freud, which stated that life may be an anomaly, i.e., that it is drawn toward an inorganic state, and therefore, in an unspecified sense, contains an instinct to die. In psychological terms Eros, the sustaining and uniting principle of life, is thereby postulated to have a companion force, Thanatos, which seeks to terminate and disintegrate life. Examining ultra-aggressive fantasies of hate, envy, and greed in very young, very ill children, Melanie Klein put forth the interpretation that the human psyche is in a constant oscillation depending on whether Eros or Thanatos is in the fore. She calls the state of the psyche, when the sustaining principle of life is in domination, the depressive position. The psychological state corresponding to the disintegrating tendency of life she gives the name the paranoid-schizoid position. Her insistence on regarding aggression as an important force in its own right when analyzing children brought her into conflict with Anna Freud, the other major child psychotherapist working in England at the time. Many controversies arose from this conflict.

Bio by: Kieran Smith


Inscription

Melanie Klein
Born Vienna 30th March 1882
Died London
22nd Sept 1960


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  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Originally Created by: Kieran Smith
  • Added: 17 Jan 2006
  • Find A Grave Memorial 13046464
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Melanie Klein (30 Mar 1882–22 Sep 1960), Find A Grave Memorial no. 13046464, citing Golders Green Crematorium, Golders Green, London Borough of Barnet, Greater London, England ; Maintained by Find A Grave .