Playwright and novelist. Born in Vienna to Luise Markbreiter and Hungarian physician, Johann Schnitzler. In 1879, he attended the University of Vienna where he studied medicine. Upon his graduation in 1885 he obtained a position in Vienna's hospital before he abandoned medicine in favor of a writing career. His first published work was Anatol (1893), a series of seven one-act plays. It was followed by 'Reigen' (1897; Merry-Go-Round), a cycle of 10 dramatic dialogues which have since been adapted to both stage and screen. His work became known for his forays into human psychology and included 'Liebelei' (1896; Playing with Love); 'Freiwild' (1896; Free Game); his most successful novel, 'Leutnant Gustl' (1901), was the first written as a stream-of-consciousness monologue; 'Flucht in die Finsternis' (1931; Flight into Darkness); 'Professor Bernhardi' (1912), a play about institutionalized anti-Semitism, which was ultimately banned; and the novel 'Der Weg ins Freie' (1908; The Road Into the Open) which examined anti-Semitism and its effect on the young people of Vienna. As part of the avant-grade movement and as much of his work carried a sexual theme, he was labeled a pornographer by an anti-semitic establishment. He reached the hight of his fame in 1914 when rampant nationalism during the First World War reduced him writing unpopular pacifist epigrams. His last notable work was 'Traumnovelle' (1926; Dream Story aka Rhapsody: A Dream Novel) which was later used as the basis of the feature film 'Eyes Wide Shut.' In 1928, the inexplicable suicide of his 18 year old daughter broke him, and he told his friends that his life 'was at an end.' He went into a long decline, his health failing, finally succumbing to a stroke at the age of 69.
Bio by: Iola