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 Henry Dunant

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Henry Dunant

Birth
Geneva, Geneve, Switzerland
Death 30 Oct 1910 (aged 82)
Heiden, Bezirk Vorderland, Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Switzerland
Burial Zürich, Bezirk Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland
Plot Familiengräber, 81268
Memorial ID 12638647 View Source
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Nobel Peace Prize Recipient. Jean Henry Dunant receive world-wild notoriety as being the first person to be awarded the coveted Nobel Peace Prize in 1901, sharing it with Frederic Passy, who organized the first French Peace Society. According to the Nobel Prize committee, Dunant received his award for being the “Founder of the International Committee of the Red Cross, Geneva, Originator Geneva Convention.” He became a successful Swiss businessman and social activist, who eventually died a pauper. In 1859 while on a business trip, he saw the chaos and despair of the Battle of Solferino in northern Italy and documented his thoughts in his book "Un Souvenir de Solférino" or “A Memory of Solferino.” The book was composed of three parts: first was the battle; second was the battlefield after the fighting with its chaotic disorder, despair, misery and the efforts to care for the wounded in the small Italian town of Castiglione; and the third part was a plan to deal with such calamity. The plan envisioned nations of the world forming relief societies to provide care for such wounded with each society sponsored by a governing board that would appeal for volunteers, train them to aid the wounded on the battlefield and provide care during recovery. As a result of his self-published book, the International Committee of the Red Cross was formed in 1863; it was based on his ideas and he became the co-founder. He disappeared out of the public eye from 1875 to 1895 until he was rediscovered in Heiden, a village in Switzerland, by a school teacher, Wilhelm Sondereffer, who told the world he was still alive. In 1901 Dunant received the Nobel Peace Prize together with Frédéric Passy. Dunant did not personally use any of the prize money but rather donated it to charities, a few friends, and for a permanent hospital bed in Heiden for the poor. He died a pauper in Heiden, Switzerland. He was buried requesting "with no ceremony of any kind."

Bio by: Fred Beisser


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  • Maintained by: Find a Grave
  • Originally Created by: Fred Beisser
  • Added: 9 Dec 2005
  • Find a Grave Memorial 12638647
  • Find a Grave, database and images (www.findagrave.com/memorial/12638647/henry-dunant : accessed ), memorial page for Henry Dunant (8 May 1828–30 Oct 1910), Find a Grave Memorial ID 12638647, citing Friedhof Sihlfeld, Zürich, Bezirk Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland ; Maintained by Find A Grave .