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James William W. McDowell

Birth
Edgefield County, South Carolina, USA
Death 20 Sep 1862 (aged 20–21)
Crampton, Frederick County, Maryland, USA
Burial Body lost or destroyed
Memorial ID 125063505 View Source
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He enlisted in the Western Army of the Confederacy and was never heard from again after he left home.

Company C "Hartwell Infantry" 16th Regiment Georgia Volunteer Infantry

The 16th GA Infantry Regiment [also called Sallie Twiggs Regiment] was organized during the early summer of 1861. The ten companies were raised in the counties of Madison, Elbert, Gwinnett, Habersham, Jackson, and Hart. Sent to Virginia, the regiment was assigned to General Howell Cobb's, T.R.R. Cobb's, Wofford's, and DuBose's Brigade. The Regiment was encamped at Richmond under the command of Genl Howell Cobb from July 19, 1861 until October 20, 1861, when they were dispatched to Yorktown. The 16th joined Magruder at Yorktown, Lee's Mill, and Williamsburg. Then was assigned to the Army of Northern Virginia for the Seven Days' Battles (Savages Station, Allen's Farm, Malvern Hill), and South Mountain (Crampton's Gap) where James W McDowell was mortally wounded. The regiment had a force of 488 effectives in April, 1862.

Battle of Cramptons Gap (South Mountain) preceded the Battle of Sharpsburg aka Antietam. About 500 Confederate soldiers, including the 16th Georgia under the command of Genl Howell Cobb, were sent to defend the gap against advance of about 13,000 Union troop and slow their advance towards Sharpsburg. They were unsuccessful in defeating the opponent and suffered heavy casualties, but were able to delay the advance long enough to allow more time for Genl. Robt E Lee and the Army of Northern Virginia to become better organized. Of the 368 members of the 16th GA engaged at South Mountain (Crampton's Gap), 52% were disabled (wounded, killed, captured, or missing.)

Later, the Regiment sustained 70 casualties in the Sunken Road at Fredericksburg and 133 at Chancellorsville. It is estimated by some that the casualties sustained by the 16th Georgia in the Peach Orchard and the Wheatfield at Gettysburg may have been as high as 34% of the 303 effectives. The 16th lost many at Sayler's Creek and surrendered 2 officers and 51 men at Appomattox Courthouse.


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