Scientist, Nobel Prize Recipient. He received wide-wide notoriety after receiving the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1983 “for his work on the mechanisms of electron transfer reactions, especially in metal complexes." The majority of research for this project was done in the 1950s. He described how electrons hop between molecules during chemical reactions. These reactions, known as redox, a contraction of "reduction" and "oxidation" are used by chemists to define the give and take of electrons, occur widely, in engine combustion, plant photosynthesis and animal respiration, among others. Born to immigrant Russian farmers, he earned a bachelor's in 1935 and master's degrees in 1937 at the University of Saskatchewan and then completed his doctoral degree at the University of California at Berkeley in 1940, and was naturalized as a United States citizen in 1942. He was an instructor at the University of California at Berkeley from 1940 to 1941, assistant professor at Cornell University from 1941 to 1946, professor at the University of Chicago from 1946 to 1961 and, finally professor at Stanford University from 1962 to 1986 where he also was chairman of the chemistry department; he retired as professor emeritus in 1986. He was a member of the National Academy of Sciences and received the National Medal of Science in 1977. In addition to receiving a host of honors and awards including the Linus Pauling Award in 1981 and two Guggeheim fellowships, one in 1949 and the other 1955, he received nearly every major award in the chemistry field and published over 350 scientific articles.
Bio by: Fred Beisser
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