Anna Stepanova Demidova

Anna Stepanova Demidova

Birth
Vologda Oblast, Russia
Death 17 Jul 1918 (aged 40)
Yekaterinburg, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia
Burial Saint Petersburg, Saint Petersburg Federal City, Russia
Plot Chapel of St Catherine the Martyr within the Cathedral of Sts Peter & Paul
Memorial ID 12388892 View Source
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Anna Demidova was the faithful maid of Tsarina Alexandra Romanov who followed the Royal Family into exile and house arrest. Born in the northern town of Cherepovets to a merchant family. She graduated from the Yaroslavl Institute for Maids with a diploma of private teacher. In 1900 Empress Alexandra Feodorovna, who was the Institute's patron, offered Anna the position of her personal chambermaid. This was considered a high honor for a non-noble girl.

She was murdered by assassination carried out by forces of the Bolshevik secret police in the cellar room of the Ipatiev House (dubbed the House of Special Purpose) in Yekaterinburg, along with the Royal Family and with 3 other faithful servants - Alexei Trupp, valet to the Tsar; Ivan Kharitonov, chef; and Dr. Eugene Botkin.

Shortly after midnight Commander Yakov Yurovsky, the head of the command at the Ipatiev House, knocked on Botkin's door and ordered him to waken the Romanov party, get dressed and come downstairs. Yurovksy told him there was firing in the town and the party was to be evacuated immediately. Instead, the family and their servants were murdered a short time later while believing they were posing for a photograph.

Every attempt was made to destroy the bodies before they were thrown into an unmarked pit in the woods. For 58 years the whereabouts of the pit remained a secret. In 1976 the pit was first discovered but remained a secret awaiting the time for a formal investigation. In 1991 the site was documented and the investigation began. The remains in the pit were identified by proper forensics and DNA testing. They discovered there the remains of Tsar Nicholas II, Tsarina Alexandra, their daughters: (all titled as Grand Duchess) Olga, Tatiana, and Anastasia, along with Botkin, Demidova, Trupp, and Kharitonov. Later excavations in 2007 a short distance away yielded the remains of Grand Duchess Maria and Tsarevich Alexei, their remains also having been tested as the first group.

In 1981 The Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia (ROCOR) glorified (canonized) the Imperial Family and their four servants as Saints, titled Martyrs of the Revolution. On July 17, 1998, eighty years after their execution, the remains of all those in the first pit were entombed in the Cathedral of Sts. Peter & Paul in St. Petersburgh. This is the traditional burial site of the Romanov family royals. Despite extensive forensics and DNA testing the Russian government and the Moscow Patriarchate have not accepted the idenity of the remains. They were interred without mention of their names or titles.

In 2000 the Moscow Patriarchate acknowledged ROCOR's glorification of the Imperial Family only, using the title Passion Bearers.

At this time (Feb. 2014) no plans have been made to inter the remains of Tsarevich Alexei or Grand Duchess Maria with the rest of their family. Their bones remain the property of the Russian State Archive.