Joseph Nicholas “Jean-Nicolas” Nicollet

Joseph Nicholas “Jean-Nicolas” Nicollet

Birth
Rhône-Alpes, France
Death 11 Sep 1843 (aged 57)
District of Columbia, USA
Burial Washington, District of Columbia, District of Columbia, USA
Memorial ID 122128329 · View Source
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French geographer, astronomer, and mathematician, Nicollet was known for mapping the Upper Mississippi River basin in the 1830s. He led three expeditions in the region between the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers, primarily in Minnesota and the Dakotas.

Before emigrating to the United States, Nicollet was a mathematics professor at Collège Louis-le-Grand, and a professor/astronomer at the Paris Observatory. Political/academic changes in France inspired Nicollet to come to the United States.

Nicollet's maps were considered some of the most accurate of the time, correcting the errors Zebulon Pike, and they provided the basis for all subsequent maps of the American interior. They were also the only maps to use regional Native American placenames. Nicollet Tower, located in Sisseton, South Dakota, is a monument to Nicollet and his work and was constructed in 1991.

Information from Wikipedia.


Inscription


He will triumph
who understands
how to conciliate
and combine with
the greatest skill
the benefits of
the past and the
demands of the future.
J.N.N.

Astronomer
Explorer
Cartographer of the upper Midwest


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  • Maintained by: Krista Al Qirim
  • Originally Created by: Sally - Midcoast Maine
  • Added: 24 Dec 2013
  • Find a Grave Memorial 122128329
  • Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Joseph Nicholas “Jean-Nicolas” Nicollet (23 Jul 1786–11 Sep 1843), Find a Grave Memorial no. 122128329, citing Congressional Cemetery, Washington, District of Columbia, District of Columbia, USA ; Maintained by Krista Al Qirim (contributor 46948224) .