American Western Frontier Native American Scout. He was instrumental in the surrender of Lakota Chief Crazy Horse in March 1877, and has been bal;med by many for Crazy Horse's subsequent death. At about age 19 he was captured by Crow Indians, taken prisoner, stripped of all possessions, and left in the forest. Sioux Indians found him, and Chief Sitting Bull adopted him as a brother. Grouard married an indian woman and learned to speak the Sioux language fluently. For seven to eight years Grouard lived in the camps of Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse. Around age 26, he eventually escapes from his Indian captors. Grouard then becomes a Chief Indian Scout in the American Army under General George Crook, fighting Sioux Indians. By February 1876 many indians were leaving the reservations in search for food, believing it was in peace. Orders had been given by the American government to return but they did not take it seriously. General Crook began his winter march from Fort Fetterman, March 1, 1876, with many companies of troops. Colonel Reynolds was his second-in-command. General Crook’s Chief Indian scout was Grouard. When Sioux Chief, Sitting Bull learns that Grouard will be the scout for General Crook, he sees this as a chance to kill Grouard in battle. By March 17th, Grouard located Crazy Horses village on Powder River in Montana. Crazy Horse and his entire village were captured. General Crook in his May report stated that invaluable service was rendered by Frank Grouard and his assistants in this capture. In September 1877 Chief Crazy Horse left the reservation and General Crook had him arrested. When Crazy Horse saw he was being led to a guard house, he resisted and was stabbed to death by a guard. Grouard served as a U.S. marshal in Fort McKinney, Buffalo, Wyoming area and worked in the Johnson County War of 1892.
Bio by: Tom DeNardo