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 Omar Khayyam

Omar Khayyam

Birth
Death 4 Dec 1131 (aged 83)
Burial Nishapur, Khorasan-e Razavi, Iran
Memorial ID 12075 · View Source
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Astronomer, Poet, Mathematician. Born Ghiyath al-Din Abu'l-Fath Umar ibn Ibrahim Al-Nisaburi al-Khayyami in Naishapur, Persia, he studied philosophy at Naishapur, and math and astronomy at Samarkand, where he wrote the monograph, "Treatise on Demonstration of Problems of Algebra". In 1073, he was invited to set up an observatory by the sultan of Esfahan. For 18 years he was lead scientists at the observatory, and worked on compiling astronomical tables and calendar reform; he calculated the length of the year as 365.24219 days. In 1077, he wrote "Explanations of the Difficulties in the Postulates of Euclid", and produced notable work in geometry on the theory of proportions. After the sultan's death, Khayyam went on a pilgrimage to Mecca in 1092, after which, he returned to Naishapur where he taught as well as serving as the court astrologer. He is, however, most noted by the modern world as a poet, he is believed to have written about one thousand four-line verses, or quatrains, nearly 600 of which were translated in 1859 by Edward Fitzgerald and included in the "Rubaiyat". His scholarly works included four books on mathematics, one on algebra, one on geometry, three on physics, and three books on metaphysics. He died at age 83 in Naishapur, and was buried in a location which he had chosen himself; an orchard, selected apparently for the beauty of the falling blossoms. The current structure that serves as his mausoleum was designed and built in 1963 by architect Houshang Seyhoun.

Bio by: Iola


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  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Added: 31 Aug 2000
  • Find A Grave Memorial 12075
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Omar Khayyam (18 May 1048–4 Dec 1131), Find A Grave Memorial no. 12075, citing Omar Khayam Tomb, Nishapur, Khorasan-e Razavi, Iran ; Maintained by Find A Grave .