Lawyer, Journalist. A founder of the centrist 'Kadet' party for constitutionalist reform, he became First President of the Imperial Duma in 1906, Russia's first parliamentary experiment following the 1905 attempt at revolution. The Duma was however soon dismissed by the Tsar. Muromtsev was pilloried by Vladimir Lenin in 'The Crisis of Menshevism' (1906) and other works as a representative of the spinelessness of those who advocated change without revolution. He was nonetheless later imprisoned for 3 months for his political writings.