Pierre Bourdieu was born August 1 1930 in Denguin, Pyrénees' district of southwestern France. He died of cancer in Paris at the Saint-Antoine hospital on January 23 2002. His remains lie in the Père Lachaise cemetery, Paris. Bourdieu was a sociologist, anthropologist, and philosopher, whose work spanned a broad range of subjects from ethnography to art, literature, education, language, cultural tastes, and television. His book is Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste (1984) was named one of the 20th century's ten most important sociological works by the International Sociological Association. One of the central themes in his works was that culture and education are central in the affirmation of differences between social classes and in the reproduction of those differences. In 1975 Bourdieu launched the journal Actes de la Recherche en Sciences Sociales, devoted to investigating the mechanisms by which cultural production helps sustain the dominant structure of society. In 1981 he was appointed to the prestigious chair of sociology at the Collège de France. By the late 1980s Bourdieu had become one of the French social scientists most frequently cited in the United States. In the mid-1990s Bourdieu participated in a number of activities outside academic circles. He supported striking workers, spoke for the homeless, was a guest at television programs, and in 1996 he founded the publishing company Liber/Raisons d'agir. In 1998 he published in the newspaper Le Monde an article, in which he compared the "strong discourse" of neoliberalism with the position of the psychiatric discourse in an asylum.