Sir Thomas de Courtenay

Death 3 Feb 1458 (aged 43–44)
Abingdon, Vale of White Horse District, Oxfordshire, England
Burial Exeter, City of Exeter, Devon, England
Memorial ID 113266268 · View Source
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13th Earl of Devon, 6th Lord Courtenay, Knight of Colcombe Castle neart Colyton, Devon, and Tiverton Castle, Devon, his family's historic home. Privy Councillorm Lord High Steward.

Thomas was the only surviving son of Hugh de Courtenay, the 12th Earl of Devon and Anne Talbot. Grandson of Sir Edward de Courtenay and Maud Camoys, Richard Talbot and Ankaret le Strange.

Thomas was the husband of Margaret de Beaufort, the second daughter of Sir John Beaufort and Margaret Holand. They were married after 1421 and had three sons and two daughters:
* Sir Thomas, 6th Earl of Devon, beheaded at York 1461
* Henry, 7th Earl of Devon, beheaded at Salisbury
* John, slain at the Battle of Tewkesbury
* Joan, wife of Sir Roger Clifford & Sir Wm Knyvet
* Elizabeth, wife of Sir Hugh Conway
* Anne
* Eleanor
* Maud

He inherited this father's kingdom in 1422 at the age of eight when his father died in June, but placed in the wardship of John Talbot, the 1st Earl of Shrewsbury, Thomas's uncle. Thomas spent most of his life involved in the War of the Roses and serious political upheaval. After he changed his loyalties to the Yorkists, he was charged with treason, imprisoned at Wallingford Castle, tried before the House of Lords, where upon he lost his royal commissions. Thomas was eventually restored, his sons absolved of the murder of Nicholas Radford.

On his journey to London after a summons from King Henry VI, Thomas stopped at Abington Abbey where he died within a day or so, allegedly poisoned by the Prior on orders from Queen Margaret, yet Thomas had an alliance with the Queen. His will, requesting burial at Exeter, was proved at Lambeth 21 Feb 1458, and a post mortem inquisition was held 1467.

His son, Thomas, became the 14th Earl, beheaded in 1461 after the Battle to Towton and the earldom was forfeited.

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  • Created by: Anne Shurtleff Stevens
  • Added: 3 Jul 2013
  • Find A Grave Memorial 113266268
  • Find A Grave, database and images ( : accessed ), memorial page for Sir Thomas de Courtenay (1414–3 Feb 1458), Find A Grave Memorial no. 113266268, citing Exeter Cathedral, Exeter, City of Exeter, Devon, England ; Maintained by Anne Shurtleff Stevens (contributor 46947920) .