Russian traveller, one of the founding fathers of Sinology, and author of the books about China and neighboring countries. After training to become a priest, he took the name Iakinf and in 1807 went to promote Christianity in Beijing. He became deeply interested in Chinese history, and spent more than 14 years in the country. Upon his return to Russia, he was accused of lacking religious zeal, and was stripped of his abbot's rank and incarcerated in the Valaam Monastery. Imprisoned, he continued his studies and translated a number of ancient and medieval Chinese manuscripts. After his liberation he got a job of interpreter and translator in Foreign Ministry. For his Sinological contributions, he was elected to the Russian, German, and French Academies of Sciences.
Bio by: julia&keld