Christian II

Christian II

Original Name Kristiern
Nyborg, Nyborg Kommune, Syddanmark, Denmark
Death 25 Jan 1559 (aged 77)
Kalundborg, Kalundborg Kommune, Sjælland, Denmark
Burial Odense, Odense Kommune, Syddanmark, Denmark
Memorial ID 11202976 · View Source
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Danish, Norwegian, Swedish Monarch. He reigned as King of Denmark and Norway 1513-1523 and of Sweden 1520-1523. His parents were King John "Hans" and Queen Christina, a Saxon Princess of the Wettin Dynasty. On August 12, 1515 he married Elizabeth (Isabella), a Princess of Spain and a Habsburg. She was the daughter of Philip I of Castille and Queen Joan the Mad, and a sister of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, King of Spain, Austria and the Netherlands. The couple had six children, among whom an illustrious daughter Christina married firstly Duke Francis II Sforza of Milan and secondly Duke Francis I of Lorraine. Christian II was a typical Rennaissance king. He was temperamental, a dreamer, indecisive and absent-minded. The Kingdom of Sweden was very reluctant in continuing to accept the Nordic Union, and on November 8, 1520 the king struck a hard blow at the Swedish opposition with the so-called "Stockholm Blood Bath", where 83 members of the nobility were executed. Hereafter the king was known to the Swedes as "Kristian the Tyrant". Soon after, Sweden dissolved the Kalmar Union and became an independent kingdom under the rule of Gustav I. In January 1523 the Danish nobility handed Christian a letter of abdication, forcing him and his family to leave the country. He and his court of exile took refuge in the Netherlands, where his Queen Elizabeth died in 1526. Meanwhile the throne of Denmark-Norway was handed over to his uncle, Frederick I. In 1531 Christian II returned to Norway with a navy. After long negotiations he agreed to meet his uncle eye to eye. He was granted safe conduct in Denmark, but upon his arrival on August 9, 1532 he was immediately arrested and placed in harsh imprisonment at Sønderborg Castle. He never regained his freedom. In 1549 he was transferred to Kalundborg Castle where he lived in a milder imprisonment for the remaining 10 years of his life. His body was originally interred next to those of his parents in the Franciscan Monastery in Odense, which was demolished in 1807. Christian's body was transferred to the Cathedral of Odense, Saint Canute's Church.

Bio by: Benny Chordt Hansen

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  • Maintained by: Find a Grave
  • Originally Created by: Benny Chordt Hansen
  • Added: 19 Jun 2005
  • Find a Grave Memorial 11202976
  • Find a Grave, database and images ( : accessed ), memorial page for Christian II (1 Jul 1481–25 Jan 1559), Find a Grave Memorial no. 11202976, citing Saint Knud's Church, Odense, Odense Kommune, Syddanmark, Denmark ; Maintained by Find A Grave .