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 Thomas Fairfax

Thomas Fairfax

Birth
Kent, England
Death 9 Dec 1781 (aged 88)
Clarke County, Virginia, USA
Burial Winchester, Winchester City, Virginia, USA
Memorial ID 11174 · View Source
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Colonial Pioneer, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron. Born at Leeds Castle in Kent England to Thomas Fairfax, 5th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, and Catharine Culpeper, he was educated at Oriel College in Oxford. In 1721 he enrolled as a "coronet" in the Horse Guards, Blue, and held the post of Treasurer of the Household at the Court of Lord Chamberlain. He would inherit through his mother the property of his grandfather, 2nd Baron Culpeper (sometimes spelled Colepepper) who was a colonial governor of Virginia. This inheritance would include Leeds castle in England, several manors in Kent, estates in the Isle of Wight, and over 5 million acres in Virginia known as the "Northern Neck". This was made up of the land between the Rappahannock and Potomac Rivers, as well as the Shenandoah and South Branch Potomac valleys. The northwest boundry of the Northern Neck was marked by the Fairfax Stone, but Virginia disputed Lord Fairfax's rights to the proprietorship. In 1745 the British Privy Council, after 15 years, would confirm Lord Fairfax's claim. In 1747 he would finally settle in Virginia, at first living in Belvoir with Sir William Fairfax. It was there, in 1747, he would first meet 16-year old George Washington. So impressed he was with Washington that Lord Fairfax would employee him to survey his lands west of the Blue Ridge Mountains. In October 1749 the Virginia Council commissioned Lord Fairfax to act as Justice of the Peace in all counties of the Northern Neck. Three years later he would move one last time to Greenway Court near White Post in present day Clarke County. His last official position with Virginia was in 1754 when he became County Lieutenant of Frederick. The only Peer in America, Lord Fairfax died at Greenway Court although some sources claim he died in Winchester while visiting his doctor. Upon his death, his title and property went to his brother Robert Fairfax, 7th Lord Fairfax of Cameron. A few short years later, in 1785, the State of Virginia would cancel his proprietorship.

Bio by: Jonathan Coulter


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  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Added: 27 Jul 2000
  • Find A Grave Memorial 11174
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Thomas Fairfax (22 Oct 1693–9 Dec 1781), Find A Grave Memorial no. 11174, citing Christ Episcopal Churchyard, Winchester, Winchester City, Virginia, USA ; Maintained by Find A Grave .