William “Buck” Bailey

Randolph County, North Carolina, USA
Death 1839 (aged 37–38)
Cedar Grove, Walker County, Georgia, USA
Burial Chickamauga, Walker County, Georgia, USA
Plot Unmarked Grave
Memorial ID 111401360 · View Source
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William "Buck" Bailey was born 1801 in Randolph County, North Carolina, the son of William Bailey, Sr. and and his second wife, Mary Jordan. About 1805, the Baileys moved to Georgia. William Bailey, Sr. died about February 1809 in Morgan County, Ga., where his Last Will and Testament is recorded. Mary Jordan Bailey remarried to a cousin, Benjamin Fuller, about 1810 and removed with him to Jackson County, Ga. The plantation they owned was cut into Gwinnett Co. about 1819, where the family shows on the 1820 US census for that county.

Benjamin Fuller applied for land in the 1819 Georgia Land Lottery on behalf of "William Bailey's orphans". Buck Bailey was a fortunate drawer in the 1821 Land Lottery, drawing a full 202 1/2 acre lot in Monroe County, Ga. He sold this lot to William Hinnard in 1825. Two of Buck Bailey's sons would later marry daughters of William Hinnard.

Buck Bailey started buying land on Bay Creek in Walton Co., Ga. about 1822 and that is where he met the woman he would marry, Elizabeth Agness Whitlow, the daughter of Bolden and Mary Elizabeth (Stewart) Whitlow. They were married about 1822. Buck & Eliz. Bailey were charter members of Bay Creek Baptist Church, which met for a while, in Bolden Whitlow's barn, until a proper structure could be erected. Mr. Whitlow gave land to constitute the church.

About 1836, Bolden Whitlow, his son Miles Whitlow, and all of his sons-in-law, to include Buck Bailey removed to the newly opened Cherokee territory in Northwest Georgia, settling on land that is now in Walker County, Ga. Buck Bailey pioneered a fine parcel of land near Chickamauga Creek.

Buck and Elizabeth Bailey had nine children:

1. WILLIAM WHITTIER BAILEY, born 1823 in Walton Co., GA. Married Minerva Hinnard, dau. of William Hinnard. Issue: William Cicero Bailey, Tabitha Bailey and Elizabeth Bailey. The later two daughters were named for Aunts on the Whitlow side.

The children of Wm Whittier and Minerva Hinnard Bailey were referenced in the July 1925 edition of the Walker County Messenger: " W.C. Bailey and sisters, Tabitha and Elizabeth, were raised by the Brooks family after their parents died. Their parents had owned a large farm in the Cove. W.C. Bailey (1846-1931) married Hannah Childress (1849-1905) and they lived on the road to the Old Bethel Church. Elizabeth Bailey married George W. Ownings, son of John Ownings. Tabitha Bailey moved to Arkansas where she met and married Indian Chief Maytubby. He was a Judge from Oklahoma. A son of theirs was the Clerk of Muscogee County."

William Cicero Bailey and his wife are buried in the Bailey Cemetery, Walker Co., GA along with his father, Wm Whittier Bailey and grandfather, Buck Bailey.

Tabitha Bailey traveled with the Wiley Bailey family to Arkansas. She married Peter Maytubby 16 May 1875 at Fort Smith, Sebastian Co., AR. The Oklahoma Historical Commission has a "Peter Maytubby Collection" which includes photographs of Peter and Tabitha Bailey Maytubby. Peter Maytubby served as a Captain in the Confederate Army in the Indian Troops. Their son, Peter Maytubby, Jr. was a "code talker" in World War One.

2. WILEY BAILEY, born 1824 in Walton Co., GA. Married Lucinda Hinnard, dau. of William Hinnard. Moved to Fort Smith, Arkansas after the War (see biography, below.)

3. MILES FULLER BAILEY, b.c. 1826 in Walton Co., Ga. and died 1839 in Walker Co. Ga. Buried next to his father.

4. MAHALIA "LYDIA" BAILEY, b. 1827 in Gwinnett Co., GA. Married to Levi Welborn Brooks, son of MAJ Jacob Reid Brooks of Gwinnett, Cobb and Walker Co., Ga. Lydia Bailey Brooks died and L.W. Brooks remarried to Mary Garmany.

5. ELIZABETH BAILEY, born 1828 in Gwinnett Co., Ga. Married to Levi Kelly, son of Marvel Kelly. This family moved to Arkansas after the War, then to Missouri.

6. MARY JANE BAILEY, born 1830 in Gwinnett Co,. Ga. Died 1887 at Fort Smith, Arkansas. Obit: Fort Smith Elevator x. 28 Jan 1887 shows "Mrs. Mary Bailey, [sister] of Wiley Bailey, died Saturday last at her residence in the Catholic Grove, this city, of cancer of the stomach and was buried in the city cemetery." Had one daughter (Fannie) by 1850. In a Loyalty Claim against the US, Mrs. Bailey claimed the child's father was Newton Ryan who "took off when the Yankees came." He went to Texas and was never heard from again. She had two daughters, one of whom died as a child. The surviving daughter, Delilah Frances "Fannie", married Thomas J. Meek 25 Sept 1863 and was alive in Pottawatomie Co., OK in 1930. She was the great grandmother of actor, James Garner (James Scott Bumgarner).

7. WILSON BAILEY, born 1832 in Gwinnett Co, Ga. Married Mary E. Chestnut in Buchanan Co., Missouri and moved to Cowley Co., Kansas, then to Ponca City, Oklahoma. Wilson Bailey died 1915 and his wife, Mary Bailey died 1924. Both Wilson and Mary Bailey are bur. Odd Fellows Cem., Ponca City, OK along with several children.

8. MARTHA "MATTIE" BAILEY, born 8 May 1837 in Walton Co., Ga. Married Thomas J. Harris about 1856 in Walker Co., Ga. T.J. Harris was full-blooded Cherokee. This family moved to the "Eye Tee", Indian Territory, Cherokee Nation West, before 1879. T.J. Harris served in the Confederate Army during the War. Some descendants later moved back to Walker Co., Ga. and some stayed in Oklahoma. Mattie died about 1927 in Claremore, Rogers Co., OK.

9. MELLITUS BAILEY, born 1839 in Walker Co., Ga. Married about 1859 to Koscuskio Byron Brooks, son of Major Jacob R. Brooks. They were living in the household of Elizabeth (Whitlow) Bailey in 1860 Walker Co., Ga. Mellitus died about 1875 and K.B. Brooks remarried to Sarah Bell.

William "Buck" Bailey died shortly after removing to Walker County, Ga. His death occurred in 1839, just before his daughter Mellitus was born. He is buried in an unmarked grave at what became the Bailey Cemetery in Walker Co., Ga., his grave becoming possibly the first interment there. The 1840 US census of Walker Co., Ga. shows Elizabeth Agness (Whitlow) Bailey as a widow. She never remarried. She died 19 September, 1863 in Walker County, Georgia, according to her daughter's Loyalty Claim (see below.)

Buck Bailey and Elizabeth Whitlow are the Great, Great, Great Grandparents of actor James Garner, who acted in such movies as "The Great Escape" and was television star of "Maverick" and "The Rockford Files." Mr. Garner is a Korean War veteran, having received the Purple Heart for wounds sustained in combat.

Mr. Garner's lineage:

James Scott Bumgarner (James Garner)
Born 7 April 1928

Father: Weldon Warren Bumgarner
Mother: Mildred Meek

Grandfather: Charles Bailey Meek
Grandmother: Abbie Lillian Womack

Great Grandfather: Thomas J. Meek
Great Grandmother: Delilah Frances "Fannie" Meek

Great, Great, Grandfather: Cincinnatus N. Brooks
Great, Great, Grandmother: Mary Bailey
(note: Mrs. Bailey assumed her maiden name about 1863)

Great, Great, Great, Grandfather: Buck Bailey
Great, Great, Great, Grandmother: Eliz. Whitlow

Obituary, Philadelphia Inquirer, March 19, 1986:

Weldon W. Bumgarner, 85, father of actor James Garner, died Saturday at Valley Presbyterian Hospital in Van Nuys, Calif. Mr. Bumgarner, a retired warehouseman, also is survived by his wife, Grace; another son; a stepson; 11 grandchildren ; seven great-grandchildren, and a sister. Services will be today at the Church of the Hills at Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Hollywood Hills.




To the Honorable Chief Justice and Associate Justices of the Court of Claims of the United States:

The Petition of the Claimant respectfully represents:

1. That she is a citizen of the United States, residing in Shawnee, Oklahoma; that she is the only heir-at-law of Mary Bailey, deceased, late a citizen of the United States and a resident of Walker County, Georgia; and that as heir of said Mary Bailey, Claimant, is the sole owner of the claim hereinafter stated, no part of which has ever been sold, assigned or discharged.
2. That said Mary Bailey, now deceased, was loyal to the Government of the United States throughout the War of the Rebellion, and never voluntarily aided or abetted the rebellion against the said Government.
3. That in September, 1863, the military forces of the United States, under the command of Colonel Sewell of the 2nd Division of the 14th Army Corps, came to the decedent's premises in Walker County, Georgia, and then and there, under the authority of the United States, took and carried away for use of the Army, the following property and supplies belonging to said decedent:

700 bushels of corn
5600 lbs. of fodder
1 horse
10 hogs

4. That said claim was duly presented to the late Commissioner of Claims, who disallowed the same on the ground that they were not satisfied that the decedent was loyal.
5. That on the 15th day of January, 1906, said claim was, by resolution of the Committee on War Claims of the House of Representatives of the United States, referred to this Court for findings of fact under the Act of Congress of March 3, 1883, commonly known as the Bowman Act.
6. That the items set forth in the 3rd paragraph of this petition were before the late Commissioners of Claims, and the same are now relied upon and presented to this Court.

WHEREFORE, Claimant prays for such proceedings and relief as are contemplated and provided by the said Act of March 3, 1883, and for all proper relief in the premises.

Signed, Fannie Meek, heir of
Mary Bailey, deceased.

Signed, William R. Andrews

Signed, Andrew Wilson

Note on Fannie Meek, above: her death certificate shows her father as "C. Brooks." This could only be Cincinnatus Ney Brooks of Walker Co. Ga and Hill Co., TX. He left Georgia the year after Fannie Meek was born. So, it seems apparent that Mary Bailey had an illegitimate child by Cincinnatus Brooks, who was married to another woman at the time.

The Southern Claims Commission record initiated by Mary Bailey states that she was married to Newton Ryan, but he was not the father of Fannie Bailey.

Cincinnatus Brooks' younger brother, Levi W. Brooks, mar. Mahala Bailey, who was Mary Bailey's sister. The Brooks brothers were sons of Major Jacob Reid Brooks, who apart from being a history scholar, also was an agent to the Cherokee in Georgia and wrote "A Lexicon of the Cherokee Tongue". Major Brooks was loyal to the Union during the War.
The given names of his sons also indicates that he knew his ancient Greek history (Cincinnatus), as well as US history (son Kosciusko, unquestionably named for the Polish General who came to the aid of Gen. Washington at Valley Forge.)

Buck Bailey had a younger brother named Fuller Bailey, whose early misfortunes in life found him afoul of the law. This proclivity carried forth into the Wiley Bailey family of Walker Co., Ga. and Fort Smith, Ark. Wiley's son, James Bailey spent a year in a Chicago federal prison for stealing a horse in Texas.

Fuller Bailey spent several years behind bars for the same infraction, as noted in the Georgia Archives:

"Fuller Bailey, horse stealing, sentenced to five years, served four years from 7 March 1826 - 4 March 1830. Native of Walton Co., Ga., 21 years old, 5 ft 8 1/2 in. height, fair complection, dark hair, blue eyes. Served out sentence."

A second entry shows that he was arrested, again, on 7 March 1830, three days after he completed the previous sentence. He was sentenced to four more years, escaped on 24 July 1831, retaken with four more years added, and escaped, again, on 17 December 1831. Never retaken.

One newspaper report speculated that he changed his name and moved West, perhaps to Indian Territory. He had married Nancy Clark, dau. of John Clark, of Walton Co., Ga. on 6 Jan 1825. She never heard from him again.

Wiley Bailey was born 26 Sept 1824 in Walton Co. GA, son of William "Buck" Bailey, Jr. and Elizabeth Agness Whitlow. Mar. Lucinda Hinnard abt 1843 in Walker Co., GA. She was dau. of William Henry Hinnard and Lucinda Davis of Gwinnett & Walker Co., GA and Sebastian Co., AR.

Wiley Bailey first shows on the US census in 1850 & 1860 Walker Co., GA, then in 1870 & 1880 Sebastian Co., AR. He shows on the 1860 agricultural census of Walker Co., GA with 40 sheep, 40 swine and owned 200 acres of land. Served in the 6th Georgia Cavalry for the Confederate States of America, although he was allowed a claim as a Union man in Sebastian Co., AR in 1872 for depredations by the Union Army on his land at Bailey's Crossroads in Walker Co., GA during the Battle of Chickamauga. Wiley Bailey shows on court and land records in Sebastian Co., AR as well as two entries on criminal records in 1873 & 1877.

One article from the Fort Smith Weekly New Era newspaper indicated that Wiley Bailey was the jailor for Ft. Smith. Another article from the Fort Smith Elevator x. 28 Jan 1887 shows "Mrs. Mary Bailey, wife of Wiley Bailey, died Saturday last at her residence in the Catholic Grove, this city, of cancer of the stomach and was buried in the city cemetery." This article was incorrect. Mary Bailey was Wiley Bailey's sister. Wiley Bailey also died of stomach cancer in Sebastian Co., AR, 10 Jun 1894, and is buried in Lee's Chapel Cemetery, Sequoyah Co., OK, alongside his wife, Lucinda Hinnard Bailey and several of their children.


1. William Fuller Bailey b. 1844 Walker Co., GA. Shows 1850 & 1860 in household of Wiley Bailey. Served in the 6th Georgia Cavalry (CSA) with his father. According to testimony of his sister, Mary Rozar, Wm. F. Bailey also served as a Union Scout. Records show that Wm F. Bailey took the oath of allegiance at Chattanooga, TN on 10 April 1864. Wm Bailey registered to vote in 1867 Walker Co., GA after the War. About the same year, he married Leeky Elvira Corn, dau. of Frank Corn & Lula Hinnard of the Upper Cove. In 1870, they were in Catoosa Co., GA.

Wm F. Bailey moved to Fort Smith & Indian Territory with his father in the mid-1870's but had returned close to home by 1880 where he shows in Marion Co., Tenn. Around 1885 or so, they, again, moved to Fort Smith, Sebastian Co. AR. A son, Wm F. Bailey, Jr. was born there 12 April 1888. Wm F. Bailey, Sr. died some time before 1900 in Arkansas and his widow, L. E. Bailey, removed to Houston, Texas and remarried to John E. Mclean, who had been Clerk of the Court for Sebastian Co., AR. The son, Wm F. Bailey, Jr. became a baseball pitcher for various ball clubs but died relatively young, in 1926. He is bur. at Forest Park Cem. in Houston, as is his mother, Leeky E. Corn Bailey Mclean.

2. Louisa Palestine Bailey b. 1847, Walker Co., GA. Mar. James P. Hall, son of Silas and Sarah S. (Foster) Hall of Walker Co., GA. Moved to Scott Co., AR in 1872 and farmed on land near the Poteau River. James P. Hall d. 1924 and Louise Bailey Hall d. 1931, both bur. Kirk Cem. near Cauthron, AR. FindaGrave # 18073196, bio by K. Davis:

"Louisa Palestine (Bailey) Hall was the daughter of Wiley and Lucinda (Hinnard) Bailey of Bailey's Crossroads, Walker County Georgia. She and James P. Hall were married Feb. 27, 1867 and they remained in Georgia until the early 1870s when they joined her parents near Fort Smith for a brief stay before settling in Cauthron, Arkansas."

3. Alonzo P. Bailey, b. 1849, Walker Co., GA. Served in the 6th Georgia Cavalry as a teenager. Moved to Sebastian Co., AR with his father. A.P. Bailey shows on the 1870 census there as a farmhand for John Gardner. Died 1878 and is bur. in an unmarked grave in City (Oak) Cemetery, Fort Smith, AR.

4. James Buchanan Bailey, b. 1851, Walker Co., GA. Mar. to Louisa Moody abt 1879 in AR. Shows on Ft Smith criminal records in 1878 & 1883 for larceny. This family moved to Texas in the mid-1880's, then back to AR in the 1890's. This James Bailey may be the same one who was sent to federal prison for one year in Chicago, IL for horse stealing in Grayson Co., TX. James Buchanan Bailey died 1900 at Ft Smith, AR. His widow, Louisa Moody Bailey, show in the 1900 census of Sequoyah Co., OK near the family of Thomas Bailey (see below.) Louisa Bailey moved to Riverside, CA in 1907 with other family. She died there 21 Apr 1948 and is bur. in Olivewood Cem., Riverside, CA. Four of her five children, Bertha, Wiley, Lucinda and Clyde Bailey are all bur. in California, two of them in the same cemetery as Louisa. Wm Bailey, the fifth child, died in 1899 and is bur. at Oak Grove Cem., in Fort Smith, Arkansas.

5. Mary Elizabeth Bailey, b. 12 Oct 1854, Walker Co., GA. Traveled with family to Sebastian Co., AR. Married Mr. Rozar not long after arriving. Two children: Adolphus Rozar b. 13 Sept 1875 & Lillie Rozar b. 21 June 1877. She was a widow by 1900 where she shows in the Cherokee Nation:

Mary Rozar 46/GA Widowed 2 children born/alive
Adolphus 25/AR Son
Lucinda Bailey 71/GA Mother 10 children/5 alive
Horace Sora 25/AR Boarder

Daughter Lillie Rozar had mar. William J. Gleason 24 Dec 1895 at Fort Smith and was living about one mile from her mother in Indian Territory, 1900.

Mary Bailey Rozar is mentioned several times in the Muldrow Press newspaper 1910-20. She died 11 Nov 1928 and is bur. Paw Paw Cemetery near her brother, Thomas Wiley Bailey.

6. Absila Bailey, b. 1857, Walker Co., GA. Named for her Aunt Absilla Newsome, dau. of Nathaniel Newsome and Elizabeth Hinnard. Shows 1860 Walker Co., GA and 1870 Sebastian Co., AR in the household of her father, Wiley Bailey. Died in 1878. DSP.

7. Charlotte "Lottie" Bailey, b. 1858, Walker Co., GA, named for her cousin, who married Chief Peter Maytubby. Shows in 1870 Sebastian Co., AR household of her father, Wiley Bailey. Died in 1877. DSP.

8. Lucinda Ann (Nettie) Bailey, b. 1859, Walker Co., GA. Shows as Lucinda, age 1, in 1860 Walker Co., GA and Nettie on the 1870 & 1880 Sebastian Co., AR census. Mar. Paul Buren Burch about 1882. Nettie died about 1917 and Paul Burch moved to Riverside, CA with Louisa Moody Bailey, widow of James Buchanan Bailey.

Shows in the 1920 census in Riverside, CA:

1920 Riverside Ward 6, Riverside, California, United States

Head Louise Bailey F 59 Arkansas
Son Clyde Bailey M 39 Oklahoma
Hired man Paul Burch M 64 US

9. Julia Bailey, b. Dec, 1861, Walker Co., GA. Mar. Fagan Bourland, 11 Dec 1879, Sebastian Co., AR. Mr. Bourland was Mayor of Ft Smith, AR four times. They had three children: Morton Bourland, b. 17 Oct 1880, d. 14 Jul 1932, DSP; James Bourland b. 1 Jan 1884; and Cap Bourland b. 10 Jul 1887. Julia Bailey Bourland d. 2 Aug 1941.

10. Thomas Wiley Bailey, b. 8 Sept 1865, Walker Co., GA, d. 24 May 1947, Sequoyah Co., OK; bur. PawPaw Cem., Sequoyah Co., OK. Mar. Etta E. Hudlin abt 1888. Shows 1900, Muldrow, Sequoyah Co., OK with children: Robert Clifton Bailey b. 1889, Bula Bailey b. 1892, and Fay Bailey b. 1894. Malory Funeral Home in Sequoyah Co., OK shows: Faye Julia Parker b. 11 Mar 1894, Cottonwood, I.T. (Indian Territory), d. 15 Nov 1836, wife of John Jefferson Parker. Records also show that Robert Clifton Bailey died 1919 and his wife Cora M. Bailey d. 1938, all bur. in PawPaw Cem.

11. Robert E. Lee Bailey, b. 1869, Walker Co., GA. Made the trip from GA to AR as an infant. Shows in 1870 & 1880 household of his father, Wiley Bailey. Died as a boy in the mid-1880's. DSP.

Biography of Wiley Bailey's son-in-law, James P. Hall, from
"Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Western Arkansas", The Southern Publishing Company, 1891, pg. 406:

Hon. James P. Hall is one of the well known farmers of this region, in connection with which work he operates a good cotton gin, of which he is the owner. He was born in Tennessee on November 11, 1839, a son of Alex F. and Sarah S. (Foster) Hall, who were also born in Tennessee. Although his opportunities for acquiring an education were poor, James P., by self-application became a well informed young man and in the conduct and management of his farm has always shown the best of judgement.

After starting out in life for himself at the age of eighteen years, he worked for wages for four years, then enlisted in Company C, Fifteenth Arkansas Infantry, and for four years served in the Confederate Army. He took an active part in the battles of Shiloh, Missionary Ridge, Ringold Gap, Chickamauga, the campaign through Georgia, Jonesboro and at Pulaski, Tenn, where he was taken prisoner and finally discharged at Camp Chase, Ohio in May, 1865. He then returned to his home in Arkansas, where he moved in 1859, and during a short residence in Booneville, Logan County, Ark, he was engaged in the mercantile business. At the end of five years he sold out and moved to this township, where he engaged in farming, $200 in debt, as his business venture in Booneville had proven a failure. He began improving the land, for which he went in debt, and now has an excellent tract of land comprising 300 acres, on which is a good house and barn, an excellent cotton gin, considerable stock and a good orchard.

He and his wife, whom he married in February, 1867, are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, in which he is steward and trustee. His wife, formerly Miss Louisa P. Bailey was born in Georgia, and has borne her husband seven children, two sons and five daughters.

Mr. Hall is a Mason and a liberal supporter of public enterprises. In September, 1880 he was elected to the State Senate, serving four years, and he has also been Justice of the Peace for several years. He was a member of Cauthron Lodge #385 F&AM. He is a highly esteemed resident of this county, and is in every respect a model citizen.

Others of the Buck Bailey family wound up at Sebastian Co., AR and Indian Territory: Martha Bailey mar. Thomas Jackson Harris, a full-blooded Cherokee, who was a Confederate veteran; they show two houses from T.J. Meek and Mary Bailey in 1870 Walker Co., GA.

Wilson Bailey, another son of Buck Bailey, moved to Andrew Co., MO by 1870 where he married but Ft Smith, AR criminal records show a 1871 man of that name convicted of "Contempt of Court." This could have been the same man. Wilson Bailey likely died abt 1910-20 in Pottawatomie Co., AR. His widow, Mary Chestnut Bailey shows living in the household of a daughter in the 1930 census of that county. They are both bur. in Ponca City, Kay Co., OK.

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  • Created by: Epictetus
  • Added: 29 May 2013
  • Find a Grave Memorial 111401360
  • Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for William “Buck” Bailey (1801–1839), Find a Grave Memorial no. 111401360, citing Bailey Cemetery, Chickamauga, Walker County, Georgia, USA ; Maintained by Epictetus (contributor 47920451) .