CPL Earl Otis Buchanan

CPL Earl Otis Buchanan

Brea, Orange County, California, USA
Death 27 Nov 1943 (aged 23)
At Sea
Burial Fullerton, Orange County, California, USA
Plot Northeast Lawn
Memorial ID 110645406 · View Source
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Died when H.M.T. Rohna, a troop ship carrying U.S. troops that was sunk by an air attack of the Luftwaffe during World War II, on 26 November 1943. The ship sank in the Mediterranean north of Béjaïa, Algeria.


Passenger Corporal Earl O. Buchanan MIA/KIA
Hometown: California
Ship: HMT Rohna
Service # 39270712
Awards: Purple Heart

Mission: Troop Transport Convoy KMF-26
Loss Date: November 26, 1943
Location: Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Algeria.
Cause: German guided missile
Crew: On Board 2000 · Saved 606 · Lost 1138

This was the first successful "hit" of a merchant vessel at sea carrying US troops by a German remote-controlled, rocket-boosted bomb, thus giving birth to the "Missile Age", and it resulted in the greatest loss of troops (1,015) at sea in U.S. history. Combined with the loss of ship's crew and officers, and three Red Cross workers, more lives were lost than on the USS Arizona at Pearl Harbor.

The "hit" was so devastating that the U.S. Government placed a veil of secrecy upon it. The events which followed were so shameful that the secrecy continued for decades until recently (1967), when documents were grudgingly released under pressure of the Freedom of Information Act. The government still does not acknowledge this tragedy, thus most families of the casualties still do not know the fate of their loved ones. In 1995, over fifty years later, a group of survivors, next-of-kin and rescuers, came together for the sole purpose of enabling the creation and dedication of a Rohna Memorial.

On November 26, 1943 nearly two thousand American soldiers faced the most traumatic experience of their young lives. They woke up that morning aboard a vessel that some described as unfit for human habitation. Just a bunch of kids, mostly only a year or so out of high school. Exhibiting the expected Yankee cockiness, they were ready to take on anything the war had to offer. Having survived a Thanksgiving Day dinner the day before, things just had to get better. The sad part of it was, this would be the last Thanksgiving for over half of them!

The minesweeper USS Pioneer rescued 606 survivors of the sinking.

Corporal Buchanan appears Tablets of the Missing North Africa American Cemetery and Memorial Carthage Tunis, Tunisia. His memorial Loma Vista Memorial Park Fullerton Orange County California is a cenotaph, his body was never recovered.

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  • Maintained by: John Dowdy
  • Originally Created by: Lesa Pfrommer
  • Added: 16 May 2013
  • Find A Grave Memorial 110645406
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for CPL Earl Otis Buchanan (30 Nov 1919–27 Nov 1943), Find A Grave Memorial no. 110645406, citing Loma Vista Memorial Park, Fullerton, Orange County, California, USA ; Maintained by John Dowdy (contributor 47791572) .