Gen Jurgen Stroop

Gen Jurgen Stroop

Detmold, Kreis Lippe, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany
Death 6 Mar 1952 (aged 56)
Warsaw, Mazowieckie, Poland
Burial Non-Cemetery Burial, Specifically: unknown
Memorial ID 110262894 · View Source
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Jürgen Stroop, (born Josef Stroop), was a high-ranking Nazi Party and SS official during World War II. He was best known for his role in liquidating the Warsaw Ghetto and for his book-length account of the operation: a document originally titled The Warsaw Ghetto Is No More. Following Germany's defeat, Stroop was sentenced to death for war crimes by a US military tribunal during the Dachau Trials in 1947. He was later extradited to Poland where he was also tried and convicted of crimes against humanity. He was hanged by Polish authorities in 1952.

Jürgen Stroop was born in Detmold, in the Principality of Lippe, in the German Empire, the son of a police officer. In conversation with Kazimierz Moczarski, Stroop recalled that his mother was far more devoutly Roman Catholic than his father. Both, however, were enthusiastic monarchists. The elder Stroop often expressed hope that his son would also loyally serve Leopold IV, Prince of Lippe.

After receiving an elementary education, he became an apprentice with the land register in Detmold, where he worked until the outbreak of World War I. He joined the Imperial German Army in 1914 as a volunteer, served in several infantry regiments at the Western Front. Stroop was awarded the Iron Cross 2nd Class and was wounded in action. Stroop subsequently served on the Eastern Front and in Romania. At the end of the war, he held the rank of a vice-Feldwebel (Sergeant). After the Armistice, Stroop returned to work at the land register, while remaining active in a veterans' organization.

Stroop joined the NSDAP and SS in 1932. In 1933, he was appointed leader of the state auxiliary police. One year later, he was promoted from the rank of SS-Oberscharführer to the rank of SS-Hauptsturmführer. Subsequently he worked for the SS administration in Münster and Hamburg. In the autumn of 1938, he was promoted again, this time to the rank of SS-Standartenführer (colonel) and served in the Sudetenland. After the invasion of Poland, he served as commander of the SS-section in Gnesen (Gniezno). During the occupation of Poland, Stroop was transferred to Poznan as head of Selbstschutz, the notorious "self-defense" formation of the local ethnic Germans.

In May 1941, Stroop changed his name from Josef to Jürgen for ideological reasons and in honor of his deceased son. From 7 July to 15 September 1941, Stroop served in combat on the eastern front with the infantry regiment of the 3rd SS Division Totenkopf. He was awarded a Clasp to the Iron Cross 2nd Class and an Infantry Assault Badge in Bronze. On 16 September 1942, he was promoted to SS-Brigadeführer and assigned as an Inspector of the SiPo and SD of the Higher SS and Police Leader for Russia South. In this position Stroop worked to help secure a key logistical route for German forces on the Eastern Front. Beginning in October 1942, Stroop commanded an SS garrison at Kherson, before becoming the SS and Police Leader (SSPF) for Lemberg (Lviv) in February 1943.

In early May 1945, Stroop was captured by American forces in the town of Rottau in Bavaria. Wearing the uniform of an infantry officer, he bore false discharge papers made out to a Wehrmacht Captain of Reserve Josef Straub. He kept to this story for nearly two months, before admitting to being Jürgen Stroop on 2 July.

He was then put on trial by the U.S. Military Tribunal at Dachau (Dachau Trials) for the summary executions of Allied airmen (Fliegermorde), shot down over Germany in his field of command.[7] On 21 March 1947, he was sentenced to death by the tribunal. However, that sentence was not carried out; instead, he was extradited for trial in the People's Republic of Poland.

On 23 July 1951, after a trial lasting three days, a Polish court sentenced Stroop and Franz Konrad to death by hanging. Stroop was hanged on 6 March 1952, outside the Mokotow prison in Warsaw.
(Taken from Wikipedia)

Gen. Stroop was portrayed by German actor Joachim Hansen in the movie 'The Eagle Has Landed', American actor John Voight in the movie 'Uprising', and the Polish movie 'Conversations With an Executioner' by Polish actor Piotr Fronczewski


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  • Created by: Joe Leong
  • Added: 9 May 2013
  • Find a Grave Memorial 110262894
  • Find a Grave, database and images ( : accessed ), memorial page for Gen Jurgen Stroop (24 Sep 1895–6 Mar 1952), Find a Grave Memorial no. 110262894, ; Maintained by Joe Leong (contributor 46634068) Non-Cemetery Burial, who reports a unknown.