Biochemist and pharmacologist, and a 1988 recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Born in New York City to Bertha (Cohen) and Robert Elion. Graduated from Hunter College in 1937, and received an honorary doctorate from George Washington University, the first of 25 honorary degrees. In 1988 she shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with George Hitchings, for development of rational method for drug design and discoveries in the principles of chemotherapy, that would later lead to the development of the AIDS drug AZT. She was the first woman inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame in 1991, and also received the National Medal of Science, the United States' highest scientific honor.
Bio by: Donna