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 Richard of Conisbrough

Richard of Conisbrough

Metropolitan Borough of Doncaster, South Yorkshire, England
Death 5 Aug 1415 (aged 40)
Southampton, Southampton Unitary Authority, Hampshire, England
Burial Southampton, Southampton Unitary Authority, Hampshire, England
Memorial ID 106879478 · View Source
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Richard of Conisbrough, 3rd Earl of Cambridge, of the House of Planatagenet.

Knight of Conisbrough Castle, Yorkshire, Almoner of England, Constable of Brimsfield Castle, Earl of Cambridge.

Second son of Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York and Isabel of Castile. Grandson of King Edward III and Philippe of Hainhault, Pedro I of Castile and Maria Diaz de Padilla. His godfather was King Richard II, he was the grandfather of King Edward IV and King Richard III. Born about 20 July 1375 at Conisbrough Castle.

Richard married Anne Mortimer, elder daughter of Sir Roger de Mortimer, Earl of Ulster and Eleanor de Holand, daughter of Sir Thomas. They were married in May of 1406 in secret and without parental approval, and finally validated in 1408 by papal dispensation as they were related in the 2nd and 4th degrees. They had two sons and one daughter:
* Isabel, wife of Sir Thomas Gray and Henry Bouchier, Earl of Essex
* Henry of York, died young but after 1415
* Sir Richard, 3rd Duke of York, married Cecily de Neville

Anne died in Sept 1411, soon after the birth of her son, Richard.

Secondly, Richard married Maud Clifford, the daughter of Thomas, Lord Clifford and Elizabeth de Roos, and the divorced wife of John Neville, Lord Latimer. They married about 1414 and had no issue. Some records list a daughter, Alice, who married Thomas Musgrave.

Richard was born at Conisbrough Castle, twelve years younger than his brother, but not included in his father's will nor granted any land, leading to the speculation he was the result of his mother's liaison with John Holand, the Duke of Exeter. His mother's will, naming King Richard II as heir, including a request for him to grant her son an annual income of 500 marks, which probably ceased when Richard was deposed by Henry IV.

Richard commanded a small force against Owain Glyndwr, and established relationships with the Mortimer and Cherelton families. Richard was knighted in July of 1406, probably in preparation for his task of escorting King Henry's daughter, Philippe to Denmark for her marriage to King Eric in August.

Richard was created Earl of Cambridge by Parliament in 1414, his elder brother's title, and he was known as the poorest of Earls with little or no resources. Soon thereafter he allied himself with Henry le Scrope and Sir Thomas Grey to replace King Henry with his mother's brother, Edmund Mortimer, who brought the plot to Henry's attention and was one of the men who sentenced Richard to death.

Richard's pleas to the King for mercy were ignored and he was beheaded at Southampton Greens on August 5th, and buried in the chapel of God's House in the Church of St Julian at Southampton. His title was passed on to his son, the first to actually use Plantagenet as a surname and family name.

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  • Created by: Anne Shurtleff Stevens
  • Added: 18 Mar 2013
  • Find A Grave Memorial 106879478
  • Find A Grave, database and images ( : accessed ), memorial page for Richard of Conisbrough (20 Jul 1375–5 Aug 1415), Find A Grave Memorial no. 106879478, citing St Julien Church, Southampton, Southampton Unitary Authority, Hampshire, England ; Maintained by Anne Shurtleff Stevens (contributor 46947920) .