Revolutionary War Figure. Known as "Mad Anne" Bailey, she was born in Liverpool, England, and came to America at age 19, probably as an indentured servant. Her first husband, Richard Trotter, was killed at the Battle of Point Pleasant, West Virginia on October 10, 1774, of which battle Congress called the first battle of the American Revolution. Thereafter Anne took up "male dress" and the rifle and tomahawk, and she became a frontier scout, messenger, spy, and Indian fighter. She was the subject of many adventures both true and legendary. She became known as the "White Squaw of the Kanawha", but was more widely known as "Mad Anne". She married her second husband, John Bailey, in roughly 1790 and moved with him near present-day Charleston, West Virginia. Her most famous exploit was in 1791 when Fort Lee, near Charleston, was under siege by Native Americans. When the fort's powder supply ran low, Anne volunteered to go for help. She escaped the fort and the besiegers, rode a hundred miles to Fort Union (present-day Lewisburg, West Virginia), and returned on the third day with powder, thereby saving the men and the fort. Her second husband was later killed, and Anne lived with her son, William Trotter, along the Kanawha River. In 1818 they moved to Harrison Township in Ohio where in her old age she taught school. She died there in 1825 at age 82 or 83, being buried in Point Pleasant, at the site of her first husband's death.
Bio by: Joe Ferrell