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 Joseph “Thayendanegea” Brant

Joseph “Thayendanegea” Brant

Birth
Ohio, USA
Death 24 Nov 1807 (aged 64–65)
Burlington, Halton Regional Municipality, Ontario, Canada
Burial Brantford, Brant County Municipality, Ontario, Canada
Plot West of the Church
Memorial ID 10474 · View Source
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Mohawk Leader. Born on the banks of the Ohio River to Tehonwagh' kwangeraghkwa of the Wolf Clan of the Mohawk. In his early youth, Thayendanega became a favorite of Sir William Johnson, the British Superintendent of Northern Indians of America. Thayendanega was among a number of young Mohawks who were selected by Johnson to attend Moor's Charity School for Indians at Lebanon, Connecticut where he became known as Joseph Brant. Brant left school at about age 13 and followed Sir William into battle during the French and Indian War. He became Sir William's aide in the Indian Department, administered by the British out of Quebec. In August 1775, the leaders of the Six Nations of the Iroquois League met in council and decided that the growing conflict was a private affair between the British and the colonists, and that they should stay out of it. Brant denounced the Iroquois League's decision to remain neutral and called the Americans the enemy of all Indians. He feared white expansion would push the Iroquois off their lands if the colonists achieved independence. Brant used his influence to engage the League for the British, four tribes, the Mohawks, Onondagas, Cayugas, and Senecas entered into an alliance with England. The Oneidas and Tuscaroras ultimately sided with the Colonists splintering the confederation. Brant received a Captain's commission in the British army and was placed in charge of the Indian forces loyal to the Crown. Brant took part in the Battle of the Cedars in 1776, German Flats, and Cherry Valley in 1778, establishing a formidable reputation for himself. At war's end, Britain abandoned its Indian allies in the 1783 Treaty of Paris, when it ceded the Crown's claim to land south of the Great Lakes and accepted peace terms that contained no mention of tribal rights. Brant retained his commission in the British Army and was awarded a land grant on the Grand River in Ontario by Governor Sir Frederick Haldimand in 1784. Brant led almost 2000 Iroquois Loyalists from New York to his grant where they settled and established the Grand River Reservation. Brant traveled to England in 1785 and succeeded in obtaining compensation for Mohawk losses in the American Revolution. He encouraged the Mohawk to adopt Christianity and support British style schooling. His translations of Saint Mark's Gospel and the Book of Common Prayer into Mohawk were published in 1787.

Bio by: Iola



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  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Added: 9 Jul 2000
  • Find A Grave Memorial 10474
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Joseph “Thayendanegea” Brant (c.1742–24 Nov 1807), Find A Grave Memorial no. 10474, citing Mohawk Chapel Cemetery, Brantford, Brant County Municipality, Ontario, Canada ; Maintained by Find A Grave .