Revolutionary War Patriot John Martin Cronemiller – A short family biography based on the research of Mr. Phillip Kloster, Terry Thompson and other family researchers. NOTE: It was common practice within families of German descent to give sons a first name the same as their father but call the son by his middle name. Thus John Martin Cronemiller was better known and often shown in legal records as Martin Cronemiller. He is in the Daughters of the American Revolution online database as Martin Cronmiller without the middle letter "e". Descendants on the east coast of the United States still retain the spelling without the middle letter "e". Those who went west through Pennsylvania and Ohio adopted the Cronemiller spelling.
John Martin Cronemiller was born on 29 Jan 1761 in Codorus Township, York County, Pennsylvania. John Martin is the first generation Cronemiller to be born in the United States and initiate the Cronemiller Family's journey from colonial America to the Pacific Ocean in just 3 generations. Along the way the Cronemiller's would encamp with General George Washington on the banks of the Delaware Christmas Eve 1776, sail with Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry in the Battle of Lake Erie and ride with Ulysses S. Grant in 27 major engagements of the U.S. Civil War.
Johann Martin Cronemiller was the first Cronemiller to set foot in America. Johann arrived in Philadelphia from Germany aboard the ship President, 27 Sep 1752. Johann married Anna Elizabeth KÖnig on 20 Jun 1756. Their son John Martin Cronemiller was born on 29 Jan 1761.
John Martin Cronemiller, the subject of this biography, joined the Continental Army in the fall of 1776. The following is extracted from his pension application.
"The petitioner remembers that they marched to Trenton in the State of New Jersey, that he marched from there to Princeton, Brunswick, Elizabethtown, Woodbridge, Newark, and Hackensack. They crossed over to Borgentown afterwards retreating to Trenton crossed the Delaware-was on the Pennsylvania side of the Delaware attending to the fires when the battle of Trenton was fought on Second Christmas morning (Dec 26th). Then again crossed the river and was two or three miles off when the battle of Princeton was fought, went to Princeton followed the English on to Brunswick, went either to Amboy or Woodbridge. Can not recollect which and by the time he thinks his six months had expired. He never received any pay. He has no documentary evidence of any statement. I left my rifle on leaving the service."
Besides being in the camp of General George Washington the Christmas evening he crossed the Delaware in the now famous painting, John Martin also guarded British and Hessian prisoners. These two, 2 month tours were before and after his 6 month tour with the Continental Army. The prisoners were being held at Camp Security near York, Pennsylvania. An extract of this time mentions the 7th Co., 1st Bn., York County Mil. It describes the service in the following manner;
"fall of 1780 the militia co. commanded by Captain John Ehrman was digging ditches, erecting palisades, etc. This duty lasted 2 months…Marched prisoners during relocation"
John Martin married Barbara Meyer on 21 Sep 1784 and re-settled in Mifflinburg, Pennsylvania. They had 7 children; Betsy (Elizabeth (1789-?), Emmanuel , Phillip, Jacob (1786-1840), George (1791-1853), Colonel Martin (1797-1848) and Thomas (1797-1862).
John Martin passed away on 26 Jan 1838. His wife Barbara Meyer (1760-1828) is buried at the Aaronsburg Reformed Cemetery just west of Mifflinburg.