Nobel Prize in Literature Recipient. He received the 1933 Nobel Prize for Literature, the first Russian to receive the award. With eighteen nominations for the Nobel Prize candidacy, he was awarded the coveted award, according to the Nobel Prize committee, "for the strict artistry with which he has carried on the classical Russian traditions in prose writing." Conservative in style, his fiction has a closer kinship to the 19th Century Russian masters, especially that of his friend Anton Chekhov, than to the modernist experiments of his own period. He is best known for his tale "The Gentleman from San Francisco" in 1914, about a businessman who sacrifices everything for material success and is then unable to enjoy it. His other works include the novels "The Village" in 1910, "Dry Valley" in 1911, "Mitya's Love" in 1925, "The Well of Days" in 1930, and "Lika" in 1939, the short story collection "Dark Avenues" in 1943, and two volumes of memoirs, "Dark Days" in 1926 and "Memories and Portraits" in 1950. Ivan Aleksyevich Bunin was born into Russian nobility on an estate in Voronezh, Russia. He left Moscow to make his home in Paris because of the Bolshevik regime starting in May of 1918. He settled in Paris in 1920, where he was regarded as the leading Russian emigre writer. Apart from his fiction Bunin also wrote poetry and translated many British and American authors into the Russian language. He was awarded the Pushkin Prize, the highest prize awarded by the Russian Academy of Sciences. In 1909 he was elected to be one of the twelve members of the Russian Academy.
Bio by: Bobb Edwards
Vera Nikolaevna Muromtseva-Bunina