Son of Cora Cochran Henry and Dr. Thomas J. Henry, Arthur Cochran Henry was a prolific writer, artist, and chemist. He worked for a chemical company in Mexico from 1910 to 1917 and wrote vivid letters describing the Mexican revolution. He served in World War I, where he was gassed and never fully recovered.
Obituary copied from Henry folder at Apollo Library, no citation:
Arthur C. Henry
Arthur C. Henry, son of Dr. T. J. and the late Cora Cochran Henry, died at his father's home on N. Fourth St., on Friday, June 9, 1922, about 3:15 o'clock, after a short illness of pneumonia. He was well known throughout the valley.
He was born April 19, 1886, in Greenville (Penn Run P.O.), Indiana County, Pa. His parents moved to Apollo in 1887. He was a graduate of Apollo high school and entered Allegheny College. On account of his health, he failed to finish his freshman year. He entered Eldersridge Academy to make up this lost time and entered W. & J. next year. After one year in this college he went to Ft. Morgan, Colo., and from thence traveled through a number of states. Returning he became a chemist in the United Engineering & Foundry company at Vandergrift.
Later he was a chemist in radium works at Bridgeville and at West Leechburg Steel Works. He took a term in the University of Michigan and learned Spanish with the intention of going to Mexico. After going to Mexico, he became a chemist for the American Smelting & Refining company at Chihuahua. He was in this place during the siege of Chihuahua by Madero which lasted three months. After Madero lifted the siege and captured Juarez, the Americans in Mexico had little employment. Arthur then came to Ft. Morgan. Shortly after his arrival there he received a telegram to go to Monterrey in the employ of the American Smelting & Refining company.
This position he accepted and was head chemist at that place when Gen. Jesus Carranza attacked and captured the city. Arthur witnessed the battle and rendered first aid to several wounded and took them to the hospital. He was given a Red Cross Badge to wear. He talked personally with General Jesus Carranza and took pictures of him which were later published in the Gazette Times, Pittsburgh, Pa. After the battle of Monterrey he was sent over the trail to Texas with the assistant superintendent, Mr. Austin, whose presence in the states was required. After a number of adventures these two men, on a mule cart, reached the United States after a ride through the wilderness of 175 miles.
At this time the great European war broke out and Arthur wished to join the Canadian forces. He was persuaded by his father not to do this as the United States might be drawn into the war and if so his services for his own country would be needed. Arthur shortly after this went to Mexico where he obtained employment with the Democrata Mining company at Cananea. War was declared by the United States and Arthur came up immediately from Mexico and enlisted in the First Arizona Infantry, April 9, 1917. This regiment did duty on the border for over six months. Arthur, being able to speak Spanish and German, was frequently used as an interpreter. This regiment was taken into the U.S. Army as the 158th U.S. Infantry. He was made corporal of Company L, and in June 1918, sergeant of 13th Company of Overseas Casuals, the June allotment from Camp Kearney, California.
He left Camp Merritt, New Jersey, for France, June 27, 1918. He reached England July 11, being at a camp at Romsey. He reached St. Aignan, France and was in a military specialist company. Rather than stay in the rear with a lieutenant's commission, he asked to be sent to the front as a private. He was sent to Company A, 9th U.S. Infantry, 2nd Division. He went over the top with the first wave in the St. Mihiel drive, September 12, 1918.
He was one of the 32 boys who captured 80 Germans in a cut, disarmed them and sent them back under a guard of four. The rest in their impetuosity, went through their own barrage and was entering a town when they found it still occupied by two German regiments. Realizing their mistake, they threw themselves down, began firing and crawled back. The Germans probably thought it was a ruse to draw them out and only fired at them and kept hid. One of the Americans was shot through the lungs, the rest escaped back on a wooded hill.
During the night one of their number was killed by a shell and Arthur was gassed. He was taken to a hospital the next day and after remaining for some weeks in various hospitals he was again with his company in the Argonne, November 6. After participating in this drive, he was gassed again and was in several hospitals in France and the United States until he was granted a course in journalism and art in Columbia University. Had his health permitted, he expected to receive his degree in the summer term. He came home on his vacation from New York, June 2, and was taken down with pneumonia the next day.
He was a member of Apollo Lodge 437, F.A.M. and was consistory at San Diego, Calif. He was also a member of Apollo Post No. 408 American Legion.
Funeral services were conducted at the N. Fourth St. home on Monday afternoon at 2:00 in charge of Rev. O.B. Patterson, pastor of the First Methodist Episcopal church who was assisted by Rev. C.C. Cribbs, pastor of the First Presbyterian church.
Members of Apollo Post No. 408 American Legion escorted the body to the family plot in the Apollo cemetery. Six cousins of the deceased, all of whom are ex-service men, acted as pallbearers. They were: Paul, Meredith, Fred, Chas., Wayne and Joe Henry.
Apollo Lodge No. 437, F. and A.M. attended the funeral in a body and conducted their impressive service at the grave.
A salute of three vollies was fired by the American Legion firing squad after which taps were sounded.
Arthur C. Henry
June 9, 1922
Corporal Co. A
9th U.S. Infantry
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