Judge John Faucheraud Grimké

Judge John Faucheraud Grimké

Birth
Charleston, Charleston County, South Carolina, USA
Death 9 Aug 1819 (aged 66)
Long Branch, Monmouth County, New Jersey, USA
Burial Non-Cemetery Burial, Specifically: burial at Long Branch, New Jersey
Memorial ID 103400592 · View Source
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(excerpt of bio by Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Faucheraud_Grimk%C3%A9)

John Faucheraud Grimké, a son of John Paul Grimké and Mary Faucheraud, was a member of Charleston's upper class and was well known in society. In 1784, he married Mary Smith, a descendant of Thomas Smith, whose extended Charleston family was both wealthy and influential. Mary Smith was a cousin of Abigail Smith who would later marry John Adams. The couple maintained a large slave population at their rice plantations. Yet, it is also true from the record, that as early as the 1780s, Grimke held abolitionist views towards ending slavery. He wrote about the draconian slave codes created after the Stono Rebellion (1739), a riot that his uncle Frederick Grimke (d. 1778) used his slaves to help put down.

John and Mary Grimké had fourteen children, three of whom died in infancy. Their children included Sarah Moore Grimké and Angelina Grimké, noted orators and abolitionists; attorney and reformer Thomas Smith Grimké, and Henry W. Grimke. Another son, Frederick (born in Charleston 1 September 1791; died in Chillicothe, Ohio 8 March 1863), a graduate of Yale, moved to Ohio, where he became a judge and state supreme court justice.

John and Mary Grimke's mixed-race grandchildren, through their son Henry W. Grimke, included journalist and diplomat Archibald Grimké, Francis J. Grimké, a Presbyterian minister, and John Grimké (d.1918).

John was an American jurist who served as Associate justice and Senior Associate Justice of South Carolina's Court of Common Pleas and General Sessions from 1783 until his death. He also served in the South Carolina state legislature from 1782 until 1790. He was intendant of Charleston, South Carolina from 1786 to 1788.

Educated in the law in London at Trinity College, Cambridge, and at the Inns of Court Middle Temple, Grimké signed, with Benjamin Franklin and others, a 1774 petition to King George III and the British government protesting the Boston Port Law. In 1776, he entered Charleston's Regiment of Artillery. At the beginning of hostilities, he returned home and fought through the American Revolutionary War, leaving the army as lieutenant colonel. In March, 1781, was imprisoned by the British; upon his release he rejoined the Continental Army. Grimké fought in several famous battles, such as Eutaw Springs and Yorktown. He served as an officer under Colonel Samuel Elbert, under the extended Georgia command of Major General Robert Howe, in 1778. Grimke kept an orderbook of his time in the army.

Grimké was elected a judge of the superior court in 1783, and in 1799 became senior associate. Princeton gave him the degree of LL.D in 1789. As a member of the legislature, he served as speaker of the South Carolina House of Representatives in 1785-86, and a member of the convention of 1788 that adopted the Federal constitution.

In 1811, the South Carolina legislature attempted to remove Judge Grimke from his position as a judge by impeachment. He survived the impeachment attempt.

Grimke was described by John Belton O'Neall as a "stern, unbending judge" who tolerated nothing. Yet Grimke held a high opinion of the abilities of women and believed his daughter Sarah Grimke would have made a good lawyer had she been born a boy and allowed to practice. He also believed that women should be allowed to be Executrixes of estates.

Grimké died at a home on the shore overlooking the Atlantic Ocean at Long Branch, New Jersey attended by his daughter Sarah. He was buried in Long Branch.

The name Grimké derives from German ancestors who came to South Carolina in the 17th century.

(special thanks to Sue Sterling Tretter #46824679 for the following info) The biography, The Grimke Sisters of South Carolina, by Gerda Lerner, page 34 provides the following about Judge John Grimke's burial:

"He was buried in Long Branch, in alien soil attended by strangers ... in the little fishing village. Judge Grimke was laid to rest in the little churchyard beyond the old Methodist Church ..." because there was no Episcopalian Church nearby.

In earlier paragraphs, the exact building in which his death occurred in said to have been called The Fish House which accommodated a hundred or more guests. He and Sarah evidently had at least two rooms in what seems to have been a rental arrangement.

Found it: page 31 calls their temporary residence a "hostelry on the seashore."


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  • Created by: Cousins by the Dozens
  • Added: 10 Jan 2013
  • Find A Grave Memorial 103400592
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Judge John Faucheraud Grimké (16 Dec 1752–9 Aug 1819), Find A Grave Memorial no. 103400592, ; Maintained by Cousins by the Dozens (contributor 46904925) Non-Cemetery Burial, who reports a burial at Long Branch, New Jersey.