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 Georg Wilhelm Pabst

Georg Wilhelm Pabst

Birth
Roudnice nad Labem, Okres Litomerice, Ustecky (Usti nad Labem), Czech Republic
Death 29 May 1967 (aged 81)
Vienna, Wien Stadt, Vienna (Wien), Austria
Burial Vienna, Wien Stadt, Vienna (Wien), Austria
Plot Group 32 C, # 31
Memorial ID 10306 · View Source
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Motion Picture Director. He entered the Academy of Decorative Arts in Vienna in 1904 and became involved in the theatre. Eventually he was encouraged to make the move from the stage to the screen, and became an assistant director. In 1923 he made his directorial debut with 'The Treasure.' Many of his techniques were pioneeering and groundbreaking in German and Austrian cinema of the time, such as using a distorted lens for dream sequences, mise-en-scène, and cinema-verité. He refused to be tied down to just one genre and made all types of movies, among them dramas, melodramas, anti-war films, adventure stories, and adaptations of literature. His films include 'The Joyless Street' (1925), 'Diary of a Lost Girl' (1929), 'Pandora's Box' (1929), 'The Trial' (1948), 'Westfront 1918' (1930), 'Modern Hero' (his only American film, made in 1934), 'Paracelsus' (1943), and 'The Threepenny Opera' (1931). Many of the actors working for him appreciated how he treated them humanely, in contrast to other directors of the day, who didn't always show the greatest regard for actors. He was highly celebrated in the Weimar Republic, but left for France in 1933 when the Nazis came to power. Shortly afterwards he sailed for Hollywood, though only made one film in the three years he was there. Feeling himself at odds with Hollywood, he returned to France in 1936. Pabst turned down all offers of work coming from Germany, though he was to later return to his native Austria shortly before World War II began. He had already booked passage for himself and his family to return to the United States, but because he suffered a hernia, he was detained and not allowed to get on the boat. Pabst remained in Germany throughout the war and directed historical films which the Nazis ordered him to, which caused many to lose respect for him. His former critical acclaim and respect never recovered in his lifetime, even though he went on the record as saying that he hated these films he had been forced to make. However, his image improved somewhat when he moved back to Vienna and made 'The Trial' in 1948, a film strongly condemning anti-Semitism. Pabst also made a number of other films that were very anti-Nazi. His final film, 'Through the Forests and Through the Trees,' was finished shortly before he had a stroke. Today many film critics regard him as one of the greatest of all German directors.

Bio by: Carrie-Anne


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  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Added: 4 Jul 2000
  • Find A Grave Memorial 10306
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Georg Wilhelm Pabst (25 Aug 1885–29 May 1967), Find A Grave Memorial no. 10306, citing Zentralfriedhof, Vienna, Wien Stadt, Vienna (Wien), Austria ; Maintained by Find A Grave .