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 Raphael Peale

Raphael Peale

Birth
Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, USA
Death 3 Mar 1825 (aged 51)
Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, USA
Burial Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, USA
Memorial ID 10202165 · View Source
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Artist. Born Raphaelle Peale in Annapolis, Maryland, the fifth child, though eldest surviving, of Charles Willson Peale and his first wife Rachel Brewer. As with all the Peale children, Raphael was trained by his father as an artist. Early in his career, the pair collaborated on portraits. On some commissions, Raphael painted miniatures while his brother, Rembrandt, painted full size portraits. In 1792, he made a trip to South America in order to collect specimens for the Peale's Museum. In 1797, with his brother Rembrandt, he traveled to Charleston, S.C., where they attempted to establish another museum. The plan fell through, however, and Raphael returned to painting miniatures. He married Martha McGlather at about that same time, and with her had eight children. For about two years beginning in 1803, Raphael toured Virginia with the ‘physiognotrace,' a profile making machine, with which he was briefly successful. In August 1808, he was hospitalized with delirium tremens, exacerbated by severe gout. By 1813, he was unable to walk without crutches. After the downturn in his health, in an era when most artists considered still life a subject worthy only of amateurs, he devoted himself almost exclusively to still life painting. It is for these works he is best known. Raphael Peale is today considered the founder of the American still life school. His work was on frequent exhibit at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts between 1814 and 1818. After reportedly indulging in a night of heavy drinking, his health destroyed, Raphael died at age 51 at his home in Philadelphia.

Bio by: Iola


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  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Originally Created by: Frank W Nichols
  • Added: 1 Jan 2005
  • Find A Grave Memorial 10202165
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Raphael Peale (17 Feb 1774–3 Mar 1825), Find A Grave Memorial no. 10202165, citing Saint Peter's Episcopal Churchyard, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, USA ; Maintained by Find A Grave .