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Joshua Johnson

  • Birth 25 Jun 1744 Calvert County, Maryland, USA
  • Death 17 Apr 1802 Frederick, Frederick County, Maryland, USA
  • Burial Unknown
  • Memorial ID 101844988



Joshua's daughter, Louisa Johnson, married President John Quincy Adams. In 1767 Joshua had already established himself as a merchant in Annapolis,Maryland. In March 1771, Johnson entered into a partnership agreement with Charles Wallace and John Davidson to establish the Annapolis firm of Wallace, Davidson, and Johnson, in London, the first American tobacco firm to operate independently of British middlemen, and then in Wallace, Johnson, and Muir, which played an important role in expanding the tobacco trade with France and in marketing French goods in the United States in the last years of the Revolutionary War. Joshua went to London in 1771 and from 1778 to 1783 the Johnson family lived in Nantes, France. Following the revolution the Johnson family returned to London where Joshua Johnson served as the first U.S. consul (1790–1797). In 1797 he returned to Maryland and President Washington appointed Johnson Superintendent of Stamps after his return to the United States, a position Johnson held until his death in 1802. Louisa and John Quincy Adams became engaged in 1796 when he then U.S. minister to the Netherlands, was in London for the ratification of Jay’s Treaty and were married in that city on 26 July 1797, in the parish church of All Hallows Barking. Louisa Johnson Adams worshiped as a Catholic, attending masses and strictly adhered to what the nuns in the convent of her first school had taught her while in Nantes, France growing up.

Wednesday, April 21, 1802
Paper: Political Intelligencer (Fredericktown, MD)
Volume: IX
Issue: 92
Page: 3
Departed this life on Saturday evening last in this town after a long and painful illness, JOSHUA JOHNSON, Esq. for many years a respectable Merchant in London and lately superintendent of Stamps in the City of Washington.

On Monday evening his remains were respectfully deposited in the silent tomb in the Episcopal burial ground attended by numerous relatives and friends.

In early life Mr Johnson embarked in commercial pursuits, went over to London prior to the American Revolution, where he established a commercial connexion, long and well known for its extensive dealings and credit. His attachment to the liberties of his native country and his decided opposition to the oppressive measures of the then British Government, induced him to relinquish his favorite pursuits for a few years and to retire with his family to France. At the conclusion of the War he returned again to London, resumed his former profession, which he continued to pursue until a few years ago, when a disposition to retired induced him to return to his native Country, there to ipend the evening of his days.

His attention to his countrymen, in prosperity or in adversity both in London and in France was great and unremitted. His house was a hospitable aslyum to the Americans and particularly to those from his native state.

His country sensible of his services and sacrifices during the American war conferred on him the honorable appointment of Consul at the Port of London, and on his return to Maryland he was appointed to superintend one of the revenue departments of the government.

He was an affectionate husband, an indulgent parent, and a useful citizen. By his death his family hath sustained an irreparable loss and society a valuable member.

Daughter Louisa Catherine Johnson, wife of President John Quincy Adams




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  • Created by: civilwarbuff
  • Added: 7 Dec 2012
  • Find A Grave Memorial 101844988
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Joshua Johnson (25 Jun 1744–17 Apr 1802), Find A Grave Memorial no. 101844988, ; Maintained by civilwarbuff (contributor 47049540) Unknown.