Brazilian architect, born Oscar Ribeiro de Almeida de Niemeyer Soares Filho, who for more than 70 years career designed over 600 architectural projects around the world. Among his most important works he designed the United Nations New York headquarters in 1947, with French modernist Le Corbusier, his country's futuristic capital of Brasília, built from scratch in the country's uninhabited interior plains in the late 1950s and the Museum of Modern Art in Niteroi, which is perched like a flying saucer across Guanabara Bay from Rio de Janeiro, in 1996. His best-known creation was the National Congress building, designed as two giant white bowls, one facing up and another facing down, with twin 100 meter tall towers rising between them. In 1965, he designed the headquarters of the French Communist Party, the center of the Mondadori publishing house in Italy, Constantine University in Algeria and other projects in Israel, Lebanon, Germany and Portugal. He won the Gold Medal from the American Institute of Architecture in 1970, the Pritzker Architecture Prize from Chicago's Hyatt Foundation in 1988 and the Gold Medal of the Royal Institute of British Architects in 1998. In 1987, UNESCO declared Brasilia a World Heritage Landmark. Cause of death: respiratory failure.
Bio by: Errete
Anna María Niemeyer