James Stuart

James Stuart

Death 1804 (aged 92–93)
Ontario, Canada
Burial Morrisburg, Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry United Counties, Ontario, Canada
Memorial ID 100915735 View Source
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Dr. James Stuart descends from a very old and historic Scottish Clan; and strong documentation exists that the clan is most likely the Clan Royal Stuart of the Barons of Kincardine. Dr. Stuart was born on February 17, 1711 in Inverness, Scotland. Strong documentation exists that his father, John Stuart, appears to be also known as, Baillie John Steuart (Stuart) (b. 9/2/1676 - d. circa 1759) of Inverness, Scotland. For some reason, Baillie "Steuart" liked to spell his last name slightly different from all of his Stuart ancestors and his Stuart descendants. The name of Dr. James Stuart's mother is Helen Rose (b. 1681- d. 1714).

Records indicate that Baillie John Steuart's first wife was the daughter of Baillie Robert Rose, and his second wife was Christian Macleod, daughter of Norman Macleod of Drynoch in Skye. Dr. James Stuarts' father, Baillie John Steuart (Stuart), was a relative of, and factor to, the Earl of Moray, acting as an administrator of the Earl of Moray's property and baron-baillie over the Earl's Baron Court until 1734. Because of Baillie John Steuart's strong associations with the Earl of Moray, many descendants of Dr. James Stuart have believed they were descended from the Earl of Moray as is documented in the Stuart Family Fonds in Archivescanada.ca. This may be true; however, these Stuart Family Fonds need further research to establish that Dr. James Stuart and/or his wife, Jean Grant, are also directly descended from James Stuart, 1st. Earl of Moray. The Stuart Family Fonds contain no documentation which prove that Dr. James Stuart was descended from the Earl of Moray. Lastly, Baillie John Steuart (Stuart), Dr. James Stuart's father, was also an international merchant of trade in Inverness, Scotland. He owned some twelve ships, and conducted trade in Scotland, England, France, and the Mediterranean.

Baillie John Steuart (Stuart), Dr. James Stuart's father, is a descendant of the Barons of Kincardine. The Barony of Kincardine existed from 1374 until 1683, and the first baron was Sir Walter Stewart, who was the natural son of Alexander Stuart, Earl of Buchan. The Earl of Buchan, Alexander Stuart, married Euphemia I, Countess of Ross; however, that marital union produced no issue. Therefore, the Earl of Buchan, Alexander Stuart, had his children with his mistress, Maireadinghean Eachann. Alexander Stuart, Earl of Buchan, was the son of Robert Stuart, King Robert II of Scotland and his wife, Elizabeth Mure.

Dr. James Stuart (1711-1804) married Jean Grant (1732-1796) in Scotland in about 1752-53, and they lived in Scotland and had six children there as follows: (1) John Roy Stuart, b. 1753 - d. Unknown; (2) Elspet Stuart, b. 1759 - d. Unknown; (3) Mary Stuart, b. 1759 - d. 1843, (4) George Stuart, b. 1763 - d. Unknown, (5) Henry Stuart, b. 1766 - d. 1837, and (6) Gilbert Stuart, b. 1769 - d. Unknown. In 1774, the family, along with George J. Grant, moved from Scotland to Colonial New York and settled in New Stamford near Utsayantha Lake near the present day town of Jefferson, New York. In Colonial New York, Dr. James Stuart bought a large farm and continued to practice medicine as well as farming.

When the American Revolution broke out, Dr. James Stuart allied himself with the Loyalists and enlisted in the King's Royal Regiment of New York as a surgeon's mate in 1777. Dr. Stuart played a key role in the Battle of Oriskany in 1777, by providing his farm as a gathering place for muster for the Loyalist Ulster County Militia troops under the command of Capt. Lake de Witt of Col. Johannes Snyder's Regiment of the Loyalist Ulster County Militia. Dr. Stuart served in the 84th. Regiment, the King's Royal Regiment of New York. After the Battle of Oriskany, Dr. James Stuart, his wife, and his family found it wise to relocate from Colonial New York to Stormont County, Ontario (Osnabruck). Dr. Stuart was given a land grant of 900 acres along the St. Lawrence River near Cornwall, Ontario, by King George III for his military service to the British Crown. Dr. Stuart resettled his family on this land grant and became a farmer and town doctor for Cornwall, Ontario. He died in Cornwall, Ontario in 1804.

Full Siblings of Dr. James Stuart are: (1) Helen Stuart, b. 7/14/1700, (2) Alexander Stuart, b. 9/6/1701, (3) Robert Stuart, b. 10/13/1702, (4)Male Stuart, Bp. 10/11/1707, and (5) Marion Stuart, Bp. 12/21/1712. The references for the full-siblings of Dr. James Stuart came from Familysearch.org birth/Baptismal records and the Parish Register of St. John's Episcopal Church of Scotland, Inverness, Scotland.

Known children of Baillie John Steuart documented by authors Rev. William Forsythe, Duncan Stewart, William Mackay, and John Stewart are: (1) Margaret Stuart, (2)Marion Stuart, (3) John Stuart, (4) Henry Stuart, (5)Francis Stuart, (6) Patrick Stuart, (7) Norman Stuart, (8)Allan Stuart, (9) William Stuart, (10) Anne Stuart, (11) Alexander Stuart, (12) James Stuart, (13) Helen Stuart, (14)
Janet Stuart, (15) Agnes Stuart, (16) Christian Stuart, and (17) Marjorie Stuart. Further research on Dr. James Stuart's lineage continues at this writing, and new findings and conclusions will be added to this memorial as necessary.

* Please see the memorial page on this website for Dr. Stuart's daughter, Mary Stuart-Grant, for Dr. Stuart's lineage which descends to King Robert I of Scotland (Robert The Bruce) through the Barons of Kincardine.

References for this biography as follows: (1) AN INVERNESS MERCHANT OF THE OLDEN TIME, by William MacKay and John Stuart; (2) THE LETTER-BOOK OF BAILLIE JOHN STEUART OF INVERNESS 1715-1752, edited by William MacKay, 1915, (3) IN THE SHADOW OF CAIRGORM: CHRONICLES OF THE UNITED PARISHES OF ABERNATHY, by Rev. William Forsyth; (4) Archivescanada.ca, listed under the name of James Stuart - file name is "Stuart Family Fonds"; (5) DAYS OF THE FLOCKEY, by Jeff O'Connor, (6) St. John's Parish Register of the Episcopal Church of Scotland, Inverness, Scotland;(7) Familysearch.org. contains birth records and Baptismal records for Inverness, Scotland, (8) HISTORY OF THE STEWARTS, by Duncan Stewart, 1739; (9) Ancestry.com, (10) Lunenburgh, or the Old Eastern District by J. F. Pringle, Judge County Court, 1890, (11) THE CENTENNIAL OF THE SETTLEMENT OF UPPER CANADA, 1885, and (12) Sources of reference information and dates were graciously provided by E. Stuart and W. McKinnel.

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