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 Thomas Causton

Thomas Causton

Birth
Death 26 Mar 1555
Rayleigh, Rochford District, Essex, England
Burial Body lost or destroyed, Specifically: Burnt at the Stake
Memorial ID 100372578 · View Source
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Protestant Martyr Thomas Causton was burnt at the stake with three others at Rayleigh, Essex. His land in Tillingham, Essex was confiscated but was later restored to his family after the end of Queen Mary's reign. On 2 August 1557 ten men from Colchester, Essex were executed under the castle walls and by the Balkerne Gate. Altogether 70 Essex men perished in the counter reformation fires.
After Mary Tudor was crowned Queen of England on 5 August 1554 she declared her intention of returning England to Rome, that is re-establishing the Roman Catholic faith as the official religion. Protestant bishops were deposed and the rood and the mass were returned to the churches. The first of the Maryan martyrs were bishops Latimer and Ridley, burnt at the stake in 1555. Thomas Causton lived in the parish of Thundruft, near Rayleigh with his friend Thomas Higbed. The two were arrested, along with Thomas Causton's servant, for refusing to renounce their Protestant beliefs. They were held at Colchester and questioned several times by Edmund Bonner, Bishop of London and his chaplains. The bishop was said to have been afraid of the consequences of imprisoning these men who were highly esteemed in the county. Thomas Causton and Thomas Higbed were condemned and sent to London. After 14 days at Newgate goal they were led through the city and delivered to the Sheriff of Essex, William Harris of Cricksea. They were bound to the carts during their journey because of fears that an attempt might be made to release them.
Thomas is commemorated in Rayleigh High Street.


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  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Originally Created by: geoffrey gillon
  • Added: 8 Nov 2012
  • Find A Grave Memorial 100372578
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Thomas Causton (unknown–26 Mar 1555), Find A Grave Memorial no. 100372578, ; Maintained by Find A Grave (contributor 8) Body lost or destroyed, who reports a Burnt at the Stake.