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USS Housatonic (1861)
A Virtual Cemetery created by: Rubbings
Description: The first USS Housatonic was a screw sloop-of-war of the United States Navy, named for the Housatonic River of New England which rises in Berkshire County, Massachusetts, and flows southward into Connecticut before emptying into Long Island Sound a little east of Bridgeport, Connecticut. Housatonic was the first ship in history to be sunk by a submarine.Housatonic was launched on November 20, 1861, by the Boston Navy Yard at Charlestown, Massachusetts, sponsored by Miss Jane Coffin Colby and Miss Susan Paters Hudson; and commissioned there on August 29, 1862, with Commander William Rogers Taylor in command. Housatonic was one of four sister ships which included USS Adirondack, USS Ossipee, and USS Juniata.Service history[edit] Blockading CharlestonHousatonic departed Boston on September 11 and arrived at Charleston on September 19 to join the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. She took station outside the bar.[edit] Capture of the Princess RoyalOn January 29, 1863, her boats, aided by those of USS Augusta, USS G. W. Blunt, and USS America, boarded and refloated the iron steamer Princess Royal. The gunboat Unadilla had driven the blockade runner ashore as she attempted to slip into Charleston from England with a cargo consisting of two marine engines destined for Confederate ironclads and a large quantity of ordnance and ammunition. These imports were of such great potential value to the South that they have been called "the war's most important single cargo of contraband."[edit] Confederate counter-attackIt was possibly in the hope of recovering this invaluable prize that the Confederate ironclad rams CSS Chicora and CSS Palmetto State slipped out of the main ship channel of Charleston Harbor to attack the Union blockading fleet in the early morning fog two days later. They rammed Mercedita, forcing her to strike her colors "in a sinking and perfectly defenseless condition", and moved on to cripple Keystone State. Gunfire from the rams also damaged Quaker City and Augusta before the Confederate ships withdrew under fire from Housatonic to the protection of shore batteries.[edit] Capture of the GeorgianaOn March 19, 1863, Housatonic and Wissahickon responding to signal flares sent up by America chased the 407 ton, iron hulled, blockade runner SS Georgiana ashore on Long Island, South Carolina. The Georgiana's cargo of munitions, medicine and merchandise was then valued at over $1,000,000. The Georgiana was described in contemporary dispatches and newspaper accounts as more powerful than the Confederate cruisers Alabama, Shenandoah, and Florida. This was a serious and very important blow to the Confederacy. The wreck of the Georgiana was discovered by pioneer underwater archaeologist Lee Spence in 1965.[edit] Further captures, and attacks on CharlestonHousatonic captured the sloop Neptune on April 19 as she attempted to run out of Charleston with a cargo of cotton and turpentine. She was credited with assisting in the capture of the steamer Seesh on May 15. Howitzers mounted in Housatonic's boats joined in the attack on Fort Wagner on July 10, which began the continuing bombardment of the Southern works at Charleston. In ensuing months her crew repeatedly manned boats which shelled the shoreline, patrolled close ashore gathering valuable information, and landed troops for raids against the outer defenses of Charleston.[edit] Sunk in the first submarine attackMain article: Sinking of USS HousatonicMeanwhile Housatonic, commanded by Charles Pickering, maintained her station in the blockade outside the bar until just before 9pm, February 17, 1864. Her officer of the deck sighted an object in the water 100 yards off, approaching the ship. "It had the appearance of a plank moving in the water," he later reported. Although the chain was slipped, the engine backed, and all hands were called to quarters, it was too late. Within two minutes of the first sighting, the Confederate submarine H.L. Hunley rammed her spar torpedo into Housatonic's starboard side, forward of the mizzenmast, in history's first successful submarine attack on a warship. Before the rapidly sinking ship went down, the crew managed to lower two boats which took all the men they could hold; most others saved themselves by climbing into the rigging which remained above water after the stricken ship settled on the bottom. Two officers and three men in Housatonic died. The Confederate submarine escaped but was lost with all hands not long after this action.The wreck of Housatonic was largely scrapped in the 1870s-1890s and her location was eventually removed from coastal navigation charts and lost to history. The anchor of Housatonic can be found at the office of Wild Dunes on the Isle of Palms.
Records 1 to 14 (of 14 total matches)
Name Cemetery
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Abbott, William A. 31786075
b. Aug. 8, 1831 d. May 30, 1898
South Church Cemetery
Andover
Essex County
Massachusetts, USA
Allen, SMN George F. 69098363
b. Dec. 10, 1840 d. Nov. 16, 1898
Oak Grove Cemetery
Fall River
Bristol County
Massachusetts, USA
Austin, John Lutheran 92505739
b. unknown d. Feb. 9, 1901
Old Saint Raymonds Cemete...
Bronx
Bronx County
New York, USA
Carberry, Pvt Daniel 85586761
b. 1831 d. Jun. 20, 1888
Mount Moriah Cemetery
Philadelphia
Philadelphia County
Pennsylvania, USA
Fleming, Robert F 94181285
b. unknown d. unknown
No cemetery
Click name for details
Hazelton, Ens Edward C 94958545
b. unknown d. Feb. 17, 1862
No cemetery
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James, Frederick Augustus 8107913
b. unknown d. Sep. 15, 1864
Andersonville National Ce...
Andersonville National Historic Site
Macon County
Georgia, USA
Keefe, John 30151610
b. unknown d. Apr. 18, 1864
Andersonville National Ce...
Andersonville National Historic Site
Macon County
Georgia, USA
McCarty, Thomas 51140145
b. unknown d. Jul. 30, 1864
Andersonville National Ce...
Andersonville National Historic Site
Macon County
Georgia, USA
Muzzey, Charles O 96190192
b. unknown d. Feb. 17, 1864
No cemetery
Click name for details
Pickering, Charles Whipple 11716962
b. Dec. 23, 1815 d. Feb. 29, 1888
Harmony Grove Cemetery
Portsmouth
Rockingham County
New Hampshire, USA
Taylor, Adm William Rogers 37680356
b. Nov. 7, 1811 d. Apr. 14, 1889
Congressional Cemetery
Washington
District of Columbia
District Of Columbia, USA
Walsh, John 96210946
b. 1834 d. Feb. 17, 1864
No cemetery
Click name for details
Williams, John 96211135
b. unknown d. Feb. 17, 1864
No cemetery
Click name for details
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