Description: From Wikipedia:The First Fleet is the name given to the 11 ships which sailed from Great Britain on 13 May 1787 -- consisting of 10 civil officers; 212 marines, including officers; 28 wives and 17 children of the marines; 81 free persons; 504 male convicts and 192 female convicts. Total free persons, 348; prisoners, 696; total 1,044 -- to establish the first European colony in Australia, in the region which Captain Cook had named New South Wales. Orders-in-Council for establishing the colony were Issued in London on 6 December 1785. The fleet was led by Captain (later Admiral) Arthur Phillip. The ships arrived at Botany Bay between 18 and 20 January 1788. HMS Supply arrived on 18 January; Alexander, Scarborough and Friendship arrived on 19 January, and the remaining ships on 20 January.