|Birth: ||Dec., 1937, China|
|Death: ||Mar., 1938, China|
Three months during the Sino-Japanese War, which ran from 1937 - 1945, hold a special place in the annuals of mans inhumanity to man.
The Japanese Army captured Shanghai, China in November 1937, and by the middle of December they were just outside of Nanking. Panic was set off by the retreating Chinese Forces, and it was expected that with the appearance of the Japanese, peace, normality and prosperity would return.
NEVER HAVE EXPECTATIONS PROVED SO WRONG.
Tens of thousands of Chinese soldiers surrendered, and rather that having to deal with them, an order was issued, "All prisoners of war are to be executed." One happening occurred when the Japanese spent most of a day tying the arms of 14,777 soldiers behind their backs. They were then marched to a river, and surrounded by Japanese troops with machine guns. The firing began just as evening approached and continued for an hour or so - the rest of the night was spent bayoneting the bodies to make sure they were all dead.
Decapitation contests were even reported in Japanese newspapers, with the result the it was not long before the Officers were complaining about not finding enough ditches in which to throw the bodies. Ponds became so stuffed with corpses that the water was completely displaced. Thousands more bodies were thrown into the Yangtze River which ran red with their blood.
Civilians were herded onto the roofs of buildings, which were then set ablaze, others were half buried upright to be killed by ravenous dogs. Old men and small children were just bayoneted or gunned down, with their bodies left to rot on the footpaths.
No matter how young or old, females could not escape being raped. Coal trucks would patrol the streets to be filled with women/girls who were each then allocated to between 15 - 20 soldiers to do with as they wished. After if they survived, those who were able tried to flee, only to be shot in the back.
Women studying at a seminary were raped in the middle of a room filled with men, women and children who were unable to do anything to help.
When the fall of the city seemed imminent, a small island of sanity was created by 15 American and European missionaries and business men. A 6.5 square kilometre sector was carved out near the city centre, marked off with Red Cross Banners and white flags and declared an International Safety Zone. One child was bayoneted eight times before being rescued by a Red Cross worker.
Before the Japanese arrived, Nanking had a population of approximately one million. Over half managed to escape or cram into the International Safety Zone. More than 300,000 of the remaining Chinese men, women and children died at the hands of the Japanese in just 3 months.
Note: Compare the loss of life at Nanking, with the loss of 291,000 American service personnel during all of World War II.
Created by: Muriel Butler
Record added: Aug 07, 2009
Find A Grave Memorial# 40371650